Proper waste management is a fundamental key to environmental sustainability. Waste management is been a vital environmental issue since last few decades. It has been seen that the generation of waste increases with increasing population, industrialization& urbanization etc. In this study, the municipal solid waste management and disposal methods in India is presented. The characteristics and composition of these wastes and the environmental issues associated with its management are also investigated. Environmental and health issues arising from the unsustainable management of the wastes were assessed in the study areas. The results indicates that the waste dump sites (designated and non-designated) on the major streets and several open spaces are left unattended for long periods such that the rubbish heaps; encroach on the roads thereby limiting the road users access, generate serious air pollution issues, constitute significant nuisance when blown over by winds, and distorts the aesthetic view of the metropolis. The results also show that the composition of the wastes in the metropolis is heterogeneous because it contains both biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials such as e-wastes, plastic, polythene materials, hospital wastes, and hair designers wastes amongst others. The study strongly recommend that waste management rules should be made to sit up on their functions while Government should strongly consider introducing â€œwaste to energyâ€ as a way of curbing the menace of waste management and simultaneously solving the energy needs of the State. This paper is a review of waste management system, its elements & disposal system of waste. It has seen that the waste management system should adopt by Proper collection, storage, processing, transport & disposal of waste so that the impacts of waste can be minimised & the quality of life can be improved.
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