Plants are regarded as molecular factory, as they have capacity to synthesize enormous diversity of by products termed as "Bioactive compounds". The diversity of medicinal uses of plants for a multidisciplinary research and a development network may help to evolve new bioactives as well as a possibility for combinatorial chemistry on the novel pharmacophores. Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn. (Oleaceae) is an important large shrub of tropical and subtropical regions of the world that has been traditionally recommended for various ailments like skin infections, as hair tonic, chalogogue, laxative, diaphoretic, diuretic, in treatment of arthritis, malaria, bronchitis and as anti-helmintic. The plants contain these bioactives were known to ancient civilizations for various healing properties.. The plant contains various phytochemicals viz. terpenes, steroids, glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids, Quercetin, Kaemferol, Apigenin, Anthocyanin Nyctoside A, Glycerides of linoleic, oleic, lignoceric, stearic, palmitic and myristic acid. In the present review, we briefly describe about various important phytochemicals and pharmacological activities present in Nyctanthes arbortristis.
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