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Current Trends in Science and Technology

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Zoology

Assesment of Water Quality Using Physico-Chemical Parameters -A Study of Fresh Water Lake in Warangal District, Telangana State, India

P.Gowri, G.Benarjee
Department of Zoology, Kakatiya Govt.College,Hanamkonda
Online First: May 15, 2018
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Abstract

The present study was undertaken to assess the water quality by the analysis of its physico chemical parameters. This study was taken on Thimmapur freshwater Lake of Warangal district, Telangana, India. The water quality parameters studied in the present investigation were Water temperature,  pH, Turbidity,  Dissolved oxygen, Biological Oxygen Demand, Alkalinity, Chlorides, Total Dissolved Solids and Hardness. Monthly changes in physico-chemical parameters were analysed for a period of one year from February, 2016 to January, 2017.  Based on the results of present study, it was found that some physico- chemical parameters showed seasonal fluctuations. The results obtained in this study also indicats that the quality of water of this lake is within the permissible limits. However continuous monitoring of the water quality is very important in order to maintain the water quality of this lake and it reveals that the pollution status of this is not much inspite of some anthropogenic activities like washing of clothes and cattle in the Lake. Finally it can be suggested that this lake water can be used for Irrigation and Pisciculture

Keyword : Freshwater Lake, Water Quality Assessment, Fish Culture

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May 15, 2018
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May 15, 2018
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References

1. Aher S.K, Mane U H and Pawar B.A., (2007), J. Aqua. Biol., Vol.22(1),93-94. 2. APHA-AWWA-WPCF (2005). American Public Health Association: Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater in 21st Ed.APHA, Washington D, USA. 3. Bandela, N.N., Vaidya D.P. and Lomte V.S. (1998): Seasonal temperature changes and their influence on the level of Carbon-dioxide and pH in Barul Dam water. J. Aqua. Biol. 13 (1): 43-46. 4. Bhatnagar, Chayya, Sharma, Vinita, Jani Karnika and Gill Nidhi (2007) : Plankton and Ichthyo-fauna of Jhamri Dam, Udaipur, Rajasthan. NSL : 236-238. 5. Basavaraja, Simpi, S. M., Hiremath, K. N. S. Murthy, K. N. Chandrashekarappa, Anil N. Patel, E.T.Puttiah, (2011), Analysis of Water Quality Using Physico-Chemical Parameters Hosahalli Tank in Shimoga District, Karnataka, India, Global Journal of Science Frontier, Research, 1(3), pp 31-34. 6. Boyd CE (1979). Water quality in warm water fish pond Auburn Univ., Agric. Experimental Station. Craft master Printers, Inc. Opelika, Alabama. pp.359. 7. Boyd CE (1982). Water quality management for pond fish culture. Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co., New York pp. 318. 8. Boyd CE (1990). Water quality in ponds for Aquaculture. Auburn University, Agric. Exptal. Sta., Auburn, Alabama. pp. 252. 9. Chattopadhyay, G.N.(1998). Chemical analysis of Fish Pond Soil and water. Daya Publishing House, Delhi-110035.pp.13-66. 10. Chaudari V S Tohari Seema and Chaudari P R (1991), Tropic Status of Chatri Lake in the Vicinity of Amaravathi city. 11. Dwivedy B.K. and G.C. Pandey (2002): Physico-chemical features and algae diversity of two ponds (Girija kund and Vaqbara pond) Faizabad, India. Poll. Res. 21(3): 361- 370. 12. Duncan DB (1955). Multiple Range and multiple F-test Biometrics 11, 1-42. 13. Gawas AD, Lokhande PB and Meijawas HA (2006).Study of Physico-chemical Parameters of surfacewater in the Mahad Industrial Area. Pollution Research,25 (1) 109-114. 14. George, J.P. (1976): Hydrobiological studies on the lower lakes of Bhopal with special reference to the productivity of economic fishes. Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Zoology, M.V.M. Bhopal, Bhopal University, Bhopal. 15. Gupta, S.N. (1988): A study of some limnological aspects of fish fauna, fishery, macrophytes and molluscs of a eutrophic reservoir, Khandia in Jhalawar (Rajaslhan). Ph.D. Tiicsis Univ. of Rajasthan, Jaipur. 16. ICAR (2006). Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Handbook of Fisheries and Aquaculture. Directorate of Inform. and Public of Agric., New Delhi 110 012.pp.755. 17. Ilijevic K., Gr etic I., _vadinovic I., Popovic A.(2012) – Long-term seasonal changes of the Danube River. 18. Jadhav, S.S., Surve P.R., Birader, R.G. and Ambore, N.E (2006) Seasonal variations of physico-chemical characteristics of Sonkhed Dam water. J. Aqua. Biol. Vol 7(1) : 117 – 122. 19. Jayalakshmi, V., Lakshmi, N & Singara Charya, M. A. (2011). Assessment of physicochemical parameters of water and waste waters in and around Vijayawada. International journal of research Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 2(3): 1040-1046. 20. Kaur P and Mehra N K., (1997), Doctor of Human Ecology,Vol.8,77.Munawar M., (1970), Limnological Studies on Fresh Water Ponds of Hyderabad, India. 21. Kadam, M. S., Pampatwar D. V. and Mali R. P. (2007): Seasonal variations in different physico-chemical characteristics in Masoli reservoir of Parbhani District. Maharashtra. J.Aqua. Biol., 22 (2): 110-112. 22. Kushwah, M.K.S. (1989). Limnological studies of Harsi Dam district. Dabora (M.P) with special reference to primary production. Ph.D. thesis, Jiwaji University, Gwalior. 23. Kulkarni RR, Sharma RN and Burkari M (2002).Diurnal Variations of Physico- Chemical Aspect ofPollution in Khushavati River at Quepem, Goa.Journal of Aquatic Biology.17 27-28. 24. Manjare, S.A., Vhanalakar. S.A and D.V. Muley (2010): Water quality Assesment of Vadgaon tank of Kolhapur (Maharastra), with special reference to zooplankton. International J. of Advanced Biotechnology and Research. Vol. 1 (2) pp. 91-95. 25. Nagawanshi M., (1997), Reproductive Physiology of Fresh water Bivalve Molluscs from Nandrabad Pond, Aurangabad, Ph.D. Thesis , Dr. B.A. Marathwada University, Aurangabad (MS). 26. Negi K.S (2009): Ichthyofauna of Katarniaghat wildlife sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh J. Zool. 29(1): 233-237. 27. Rao, K.D.S. (1985): Hydrobiological studies of an irrigation tank in Bangalore. Mysore. J. Agri. Sci, 19: 194-197. 28. Robinette HR (1976). Effects of Selected Sublethal levels of Ammonia on the Growth of Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Prog. Fish-cult., 38,26-29. 29. Sarma D, Dutta A and Choudhury M (2007), “Limnology and Fisheries Urpod beel,Goalpara, Assam”, J. Inland fish Soc. India, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 51-54. 30. .Sastry, C.A., Aboo, K.M., Bhatiya, H.C. and Rao. A.V. (1970). Pollution of upper lake and its effect on Bhopal water supply. Env. Hlth.,12(3): 218-238. 31. Saran, H.M. (1980). Ecology of some lentic and lotic freshwater habitats around Sagar, with special reference to production studies. Ph.D. thesis. Dr. H.S. Gaur University, Sagar (Madhya Pradesh). 32. Shinde SE, Pathan TS, Raut KS, Moore PR and Sonawane DL (2010). Seasonal variations in physico-chemical characteristics of Harsool-Savangi dam, District Aurangabad, India. The Ecoscan 4(1) 37-44. 33. Shinde SE, Pathan TS, Raut KS and Sonawane DL (2011).Studies on the Physico-chemicalParameters and Correlation Coefficient of Harsool- savangi Dam, District Aurangabad, India.Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 8(3) 544-554. 34. Singhai, S.(1986). Hydrobiological stidues of newly made Tawa reservoir at Ranipur. Ph.D. Thesis, Dr. H.S. Gour University, Sagar. 35. Venkatesh KR, Rajemdran M and Murugappan A (2009).A correlation study on physico-chemicalcharacteristics of domestic sewage.Nature Environment and Pollution Technology 8(1) 141-145. 36. Vijaykumar, K. and R. Paul. (1991): Diurnal fluctuations in some physico-chemical parameters of tank and moat in Gulbarga, Karnataka. J. Nature. Conser. -3(2): 109-113. 37. Wetzel. R.G. (1975): Limnology,Saunder’s Publishing House, Piladelphia. 731. 38. World Health Organization (WHO) International Standards for Drinking Water, 3rd Edn. WHO, Geneva.
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References

1. Aher S.K, Mane U H and Pawar B.A., (2007), J. Aqua. Biol., Vol.22(1),93-94.
2. APHA-AWWA-WPCF (2005). American Public Health Association: Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater in 21st Ed.APHA, Washington D, USA.
3. Bandela, N.N., Vaidya D.P. and Lomte V.S. (1998): Seasonal temperature changes and their influence on the level of Carbon-dioxide and pH in Barul Dam water. J. Aqua. Biol. 13 (1): 43-46.
4. Bhatnagar, Chayya, Sharma, Vinita, Jani Karnika and Gill Nidhi (2007) : Plankton and Ichthyo-fauna of Jhamri Dam, Udaipur, Rajasthan. NSL : 236-238.
5. Basavaraja, Simpi, S. M., Hiremath, K. N. S. Murthy, K. N. Chandrashekarappa, Anil N. Patel, E.T.Puttiah, (2011), Analysis of Water Quality Using Physico-Chemical Parameters Hosahalli Tank in Shimoga District, Karnataka, India, Global Journal of Science Frontier, Research, 1(3), pp 31-34.
6. Boyd CE (1979). Water quality in warm water fish pond Auburn Univ., Agric. Experimental Station. Craft master Printers, Inc. Opelika, Alabama. pp.359.
7. Boyd CE (1982). Water quality management for pond fish culture. Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co., New York pp. 318.
8. Boyd CE (1990). Water quality in ponds for Aquaculture. Auburn University, Agric. Exptal. Sta., Auburn, Alabama. pp. 252.
9. Chattopadhyay, G.N.(1998). Chemical analysis of Fish Pond Soil and water. Daya Publishing House, Delhi-110035.pp.13-66.

10. Chaudari V S Tohari Seema and Chaudari P R (1991), Tropic Status of Chatri Lake in the Vicinity of Amaravathi city.
11. Dwivedy B.K. and G.C. Pandey (2002): Physico-chemical features and algae diversity of two ponds (Girija kund and Vaqbara pond) Faizabad, India. Poll. Res. 21(3): 361- 370.
12. Duncan DB (1955). Multiple Range and multiple F-test Biometrics 11, 1-42.
13. Gawas AD, Lokhande PB and Meijawas HA (2006).Study of Physico-chemical Parameters of surfacewater in the Mahad Industrial Area. Pollution Research,25 (1) 109-114.


14. George, J.P. (1976): Hydrobiological studies on the lower lakes of Bhopal with special reference to the productivity of economic fishes. Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Zoology, M.V.M. Bhopal, Bhopal University, Bhopal.
15. Gupta, S.N. (1988): A study of some limnological aspects of fish fauna, fishery, macrophytes and molluscs of a eutrophic reservoir, Khandia in Jhalawar (Rajaslhan). Ph.D. Tiicsis Univ. of Rajasthan, Jaipur.
16. ICAR (2006). Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Handbook of Fisheries and Aquaculture. Directorate of Inform. and Public of Agric., New Delhi 110 012.pp.755.
17. Ilijevic K., Gr etic I., _vadinovic I., Popovic A.(2012) – Long-term seasonal changes of the Danube River.
18. Jadhav, S.S., Surve P.R., Birader, R.G. and Ambore, N.E (2006) Seasonal variations of physico-chemical characteristics of Sonkhed Dam water. J. Aqua. Biol. Vol 7(1) : 117 – 122.
19. Jayalakshmi, V., Lakshmi, N & Singara Charya, M. A. (2011). Assessment of physicochemical parameters of water and waste waters in and around Vijayawada. International journal of research Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 2(3): 1040-1046.
20. Kaur P and Mehra N K., (1997), Doctor of Human Ecology,Vol.8,77.Munawar M., (1970), Limnological Studies on Fresh Water Ponds of Hyderabad, India.
21. Kadam, M. S., Pampatwar D. V. and Mali R. P. (2007): Seasonal variations in different physico-chemical characteristics in Masoli reservoir of Parbhani District. Maharashtra. J.Aqua. Biol., 22 (2): 110-112.
22. Kushwah, M.K.S. (1989). Limnological studies of Harsi Dam district. Dabora (M.P) with special reference to primary production. Ph.D. thesis, Jiwaji University, Gwalior.
23. Kulkarni RR, Sharma RN and Burkari M (2002).Diurnal Variations of Physico- Chemical Aspect ofPollution in Khushavati River at Quepem, Goa.Journal of Aquatic Biology.17 27-28.
24. Manjare, S.A., Vhanalakar. S.A and D.V. Muley (2010): Water quality Assesment of Vadgaon tank of Kolhapur (Maharastra), with special reference to zooplankton. International J. of Advanced Biotechnology and Research. Vol. 1 (2) pp. 91-95.
25. Nagawanshi M., (1997), Reproductive Physiology of Fresh water Bivalve Molluscs from Nandrabad Pond, Aurangabad, Ph.D. Thesis , Dr. B.A. Marathwada University, Aurangabad (MS).
26. Negi K.S (2009): Ichthyofauna of Katarniaghat wildlife sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh J. Zool. 29(1): 233-237.
27. Rao, K.D.S. (1985): Hydrobiological studies of an irrigation tank in Bangalore. Mysore. J. Agri. Sci, 19: 194-197.
28. Robinette HR (1976). Effects of Selected Sublethal levels of Ammonia on the Growth of Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Prog. Fish-cult., 38,26-29.
29. Sarma D, Dutta A and Choudhury M (2007), “Limnology and Fisheries Urpod beel,Goalpara, Assam”, J. Inland fish Soc. India, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 51-54.
30. .Sastry, C.A., Aboo, K.M., Bhatiya, H.C. and Rao. A.V. (1970). Pollution of upper lake and its effect on Bhopal water supply. Env. Hlth.,12(3): 218-238.
31. Saran, H.M. (1980). Ecology of some lentic and lotic freshwater habitats around Sagar, with special reference to production studies. Ph.D. thesis. Dr. H.S. Gaur University, Sagar (Madhya Pradesh).
32. Shinde SE, Pathan TS, Raut KS, Moore PR and Sonawane DL (2010). Seasonal variations in physico-chemical characteristics of Harsool-Savangi dam, District Aurangabad, India. The Ecoscan 4(1) 37-44.
33. Shinde SE, Pathan TS, Raut KS and Sonawane DL (2011).Studies on the Physico-chemicalParameters and Correlation Coefficient of Harsool- savangi Dam, District Aurangabad, India.Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 8(3) 544-554.

34. Singhai, S.(1986). Hydrobiological stidues of newly made Tawa reservoir at Ranipur. Ph.D. Thesis, Dr. H.S. Gour University, Sagar.
35. Venkatesh KR, Rajemdran M and Murugappan A (2009).A correlation study on physico-chemicalcharacteristics of domestic sewage.Nature Environment and Pollution Technology 8(1) 141-145.
36. Vijaykumar, K. and R. Paul. (1991): Diurnal fluctuations in some physico-chemical parameters of tank and moat in Gulbarga, Karnataka. J. Nature. Conser. -3(2): 109-113.
37. Wetzel. R.G. (1975): Limnology,Saunder’s Publishing House, Piladelphia. 731.
38. World Health Organization (WHO) International Standards for Drinking Water, 3rd Edn. WHO, Geneva.
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