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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Biotechnology

Bioplastics A Step towards Sustainability

Rohan L.D’souza, Geetha Unnikrishnan
1Department of Biotechnology, B.K. Birla College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Kalyan (W), 421301, Maharashtra, India 2*Department of Zoology, B.K. Birla College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Kalyan (W), 421301, Maharashtra, India *Corresponding author: unnikrishnangeeta@gmail.com
Online First: May 02, 2018
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Abstract

The world annual production of plastic shopping bags (PBS) overcomes 5 million tons and 60 thousand PBS are used every five seconds, more than 100 billions of them are being consumed only in Europe each year. A possible solution to reduce the consumption of the traditional plastics of petrochemical  origin  and,  consequently,  plastic  waste  disposal, is  their  replacement  with  biodegradable  materials  (generally called  “bioplastics”).  In recent years, bioplastics have attracted considerable attention because of their environmental advantages. . Bioplastics already play an important role in the fields of packaging, agriculture, gastronomy, consumer electronics and automotive. In the pursuit of objectives of sustainable development and the reduction of environmental impacts, biodegradable plastics from renewable resources logically represent the best possibility. Bioplastics  seem  an  attractive  eco-friendly alternative  since  they  can  be  easily  degraded  by  the  enzymes present in different microorganisms.  But,  as  demand is  rising  and  more  sophisticated  products  and  applications  are emerging, the market of bioplastics is rapidly changing.

Keyword : plastic, biodegradable, Bioplastics, packaging, sustainable.

  Submitted
May 13, 2018
Published
May 2, 2018
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References

1. Barnes D.K.A., Galgani F., Thompson R.C., Barlaz M., 2009, Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364:1985-1998. 2. Cheng K. K., Zhao X. B., Zeng J,. Zhang J. A., 2012, Biotechnological production of succinic acid : current state and perspectives. Biofuels Bioprod Bioref, 6(3):302-318. 3. Cornell D., 2007, Biopolymers in the existing postconsumer plastics recycling stream. J Polym Environ, 15(4):295-299. 4. Demain A. L., 2007, Reviews: The business of biotechnology. Ind Biotechnol, 3(3):269-283. 5. Fitz Patrick M., Champagne P., Cunningham M.F., Whitney R.A., 2010, A biore-finery processing perspective : treatment of lignocellulosic materials for the production of value-added products,. Bioresour Technol, 101(23):8915-8922 6. Gironi F. and Piemonte V., 2011, Bioplastics and petroleum-based plastics: Strengths and weaknesses. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 33: 1949–1959. 7. H. Storz, K.-D. Vorlop, 2013 Bio-based plastics: status, challenges and trends, Appl Agric Forestry, 4 (63) 321-332. 8. Harmsen, P. F., Hackmann, M. M., Bos, H. L., 2014, Green building blocks for bio‐based plastics, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining,, 8 (3), 306-324. 9. Heap B., 2009, Preface, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences, 364: 1971-1971. 10. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/pollution/Plastic-waste-time-bomb-ticking-for-India-SC-says/articleshow/19370833.cms 11. http://www.envirosax.com.au/plastic-bag-facts/ 12. http://www.consult.eai.in/bioplastics-and-biopolymers/bioplastics-Indian-market-and-trends 13. Keshavarz, T., Roy, I., 2010, Polyhydroxyalkanoates: bioplastics with a green agenda. Current opinion in microbiology, 13 (3), 321-326. 14. Klein-Marcuschamer D., Oleskowicz-Popiel P., Simmons B.A., Blanch H.W., 2010, Technoeconomic analysis of biofuels : a wiki-based platform for lignocel¬lulosic biorefineries. Biomass Bioenergy, 34(12):1914-1921. 15. La Mantia F. P., Botta L, Scaffaro R., 2013, The effects of PLA in PET recycling systems. Macplas International at K. 16. Laske S. , 2015, Biopolymer processing. In: Lecture at Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 9 April 2015. 17. Lemstra P. 2012, The world of bioplastics. Petro vs. bio-based plastics. In: Proceedings of the 2nd plastic Conference, Slopak and National Institute of Chemistry, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 17–18 September 2012. 18. Machmud, M. N., Fahmi, R., Abdullah, R., Kokarkin, C. , 2013, Characteristics of Red Algae Bioplastics/Latex Blends under Tension. International Journal of Science and Engineering, 5 (2), 81-88. 19. Mudgal S., Muehmel K., Hoa E., 2012, Options to improve the biodrgradability requirements in the Packaging Directive. 20. Rajendran, N., Puppala, S., Sneha Raj, M., Ruth Angeeleena, B., Rajam, C. , 2012. Seaweeds can be a new source for bioplastics. Journal of Pharmacy Research, Vol, 5 (3), 1476-1479. 21. Shah, A. A., Hasan, F., Hameed, A., Ahmed, S., 2008. Biological degradation of plastics: a comprehensive review. Biotechnology advances, 26 (3), 246-265. 22. Song J. H., Murphy R.J., Narayan R. and Davies R.B.H., 2009, Biodegradable and compostable alternatives to conventional plastics. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 364: 2127–2139. 23. Soroudi A., Jakubowicz I., 2013, Recycling of bioplastics, their blends and bio-composites : a review. Eur Polym J, 49(10):2839-2858.
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References

1. Barnes D.K.A., Galgani F., Thompson R.C., Barlaz M., 2009, Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364:1985-1998.
2. Cheng K. K., Zhao X. B., Zeng J,. Zhang J. A., 2012, Biotechnological production of succinic acid : current state and perspectives. Biofuels Bioprod Bioref, 6(3):302-318.
3. Cornell D., 2007, Biopolymers in the existing postconsumer plastics recycling stream. J Polym Environ, 15(4):295-299.
4. Demain A. L., 2007, Reviews: The business of biotechnology. Ind Biotechnol, 3(3):269-283.
5. Fitz Patrick M., Champagne P., Cunningham M.F., Whitney R.A., 2010, A biore-finery processing perspective : treatment of lignocellulosic materials for the production of value-added products,. Bioresour Technol, 101(23):8915-8922
6. Gironi F. and Piemonte V., 2011, Bioplastics and petroleum-based plastics: Strengths and weaknesses. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 33: 1949–1959.
7. H. Storz, K.-D. Vorlop, 2013 Bio-based plastics: status, challenges and trends, Appl Agric Forestry, 4 (63) 321-332.
8. Harmsen, P. F., Hackmann, M. M., Bos, H. L., 2014, Green building blocks for bio‐based plastics, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining,, 8 (3), 306-324.
9. Heap B., 2009, Preface, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences, 364: 1971-1971.
10. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/pollution/Plastic-waste-time-bomb-ticking-for-India-SC-says/articleshow/19370833.cms
11. http://www.envirosax.com.au/plastic-bag-facts/
12. http://www.consult.eai.in/bioplastics-and-biopolymers/bioplastics-Indian-market-and-trends

13. Keshavarz, T., Roy, I., 2010, Polyhydroxyalkanoates: bioplastics with a green agenda. Current opinion in microbiology, 13 (3), 321-326.
14. Klein-Marcuschamer D., Oleskowicz-Popiel P., Simmons B.A., Blanch H.W., 2010, Technoeconomic analysis of biofuels : a wiki-based platform for lignocel¬lulosic biorefineries. Biomass Bioenergy, 34(12):1914-1921.
15. La Mantia F. P., Botta L, Scaffaro R., 2013, The effects of PLA in PET recycling systems. Macplas International at K.
16. Laske S. , 2015, Biopolymer processing. In: Lecture at Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 9 April 2015.
17. Lemstra P. 2012, The world of bioplastics. Petro vs. bio-based plastics. In: Proceedings of the 2nd plastic Conference, Slopak and National Institute of Chemistry, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 17–18 September 2012.
18. Machmud, M. N., Fahmi, R., Abdullah, R., Kokarkin, C. , 2013, Characteristics of Red Algae Bioplastics/Latex Blends under Tension. International Journal of Science and Engineering, 5 (2), 81-88.
19. Mudgal S., Muehmel K., Hoa E., 2012, Options to improve the biodrgradability requirements in the Packaging Directive.
20. Rajendran, N., Puppala, S., Sneha Raj, M., Ruth Angeeleena, B., Rajam, C. , 2012. Seaweeds can be a new source for bioplastics. Journal of Pharmacy Research, Vol, 5 (3), 1476-1479.
21. Shah, A. A., Hasan, F., Hameed, A., Ahmed, S., 2008. Biological degradation of plastics: a comprehensive review. Biotechnology advances, 26 (3), 246-265.
22. Song J. H., Murphy R.J., Narayan R. and Davies R.B.H., 2009, Biodegradable and compostable alternatives to conventional plastics. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 364: 2127–2139.
23. Soroudi A., Jakubowicz I., 2013, Recycling of bioplastics, their blends and bio-composites : a review. Eur Polym J, 49(10):2839-2858.
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