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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Zoology

Some Planktonic Diversity of River Gandak & Its Relation to Primary Productivity

Dr. R.K. Singh
Associate professor P.G. Dept. of Zoology J.P.U. Chapra.
Garima Choudhary
Research Scholar P.G. Dept of Zoology J.P.U. Chapra.
Online First: May 03, 2018
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Abstract

The primary productivity of any aquatic ecosystem depends on the plank tonic bio diversity. Plankton is starting point of energy transfer in the aquatic ecosystem and their well –being is of paramount importance to the over all health and integrity of the system. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of different groups of organism lead to the establishment of bio – indicator, indices and systems which can be assess the pollution and tropic status of water bodies. The present study was aimed to find out the impact of higher population on the plankton population of the Gandak river. Plankton samples were collected from Hajipur [New pool ghat 100 mit far away] sites during the study period [Oct. 2016 – Sep. 2017] for three seasonal variation winter, summer and rainy season. Plank tonic diversity in presence of phytoplankton is higher 248 ±19.82 in winter season and lower 11.64 ± 14.26 in rainy season and Zooplankton is higher 51.78 [Rotifera] in winter season and lower is 18.29 [crustacean]in rainy season. Studies revealed that phyto plankton population was dominated by members of Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, and Cynophyceae and Zooplankton population was dominated by Rotifer, Crustacea and Protozoan. The present study was to assess the status of phytoplankton diversity and biomass in order to know the productivity of Gandak River. A total 29 species, 13 chlorophyceae, 7 Bacillariophycea  and 9 Cyanophyceae and in Zooplankton  total  5 species of Rotifera, 4 species of Crustacea and 7 species of Protozoa is maximum to minimum were observed.


 

Keyword : Diversity, phytoplankton, zooplankton, primary productivity, analysis, water bodies.

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May 3, 2018
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May 3, 2018
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References

1. Bilgrami, K.S, Dattamunshi, I.S , Siddiqui, E.N, & Singh, N.K Primary Preductivity of phyloplemkton of river goong Biological Bulletin,1, (1979)39-42. ODUM, H.T. 1956 Primary Production in following water Limnol , ceanog, 1: 102-117. 2. Bott, T.L., 1996, Primary Prodrctivity and community respiration, in Harer, R., and Lambesti, G.A. , eds Stream ecology-firld and labonatory exercies San Diego, Calif , Acadenic press, P.533-556 Marse,], A., ]r, 1970 Primary productivity of reet-building catcascous red algae: Ecology, V. ,no 2, P. 255-263. 3. Goardes T. and Gran H.H., Investigations of the Production of Phyloplankton in aslo Fjord, Rapp Proc. Verb. Cons. Prem. Inst. Explor. Mer., 42,1-48 (1927). 4. HELCOM. 2015. Guidelines concerning phytoplnkton Species composition, abundonce and biomass. manual for marine monitoring in the combine programme of HELCOM. Annex L-6, Lastupdated february 2015. 5. Khatri, T.C. (1987) Seasonal clistribution of phytoplankton-in Idukki Reservoir of kerela (India) Environ. E.5(1), 71-73. 6. Lakshminarayan, J.S. (1965) Study on phybo plankton of river Ganges, Varanasi, India Hydrobiol 25:119-165. 7. Levy etyal., 2014 M.Levy, O. John,s. dutkiewicz, M.J. Structure affected by oceanic dispersal and mesoscale turbulence Limnol. oceanagr. fluids Environ., 4(1) (2014), pp.67-84, 10. 1215/21573689-2768549. 8. Malik DS, Bharti umesh. status of plankton diversity and biological productivity by sahastradhasa stream at uttarakhand, Jhdia J.’Appl. Nat. sci.2012; 4 (1): 96-103. 9. Maresh, J.A., jr, 1970 Primary Productivity of roof building calcaseous red algae: Ecology, 4 no 2, p.255-263. 10. Mishra, Chakraborty SK, Jaiswas AK, Shasma AP, Deshmukhe G, Mohan M. plenkton density in Dhausa and Baigul reservoirs of uttarakhand 3nd. J. of Fish. 2010;57 (3) : 19-27. 11. Mukerjee,B. and Pankahshi, G.V.N., (1995). The impact of deheergant on plankton diversity in fresh waters bodies, J. of environ . Biol, 16 (3), 211-218. 12. Pathak, S (1973) .observation of the seasonal fluctuation of plankton in the chilka lake India.J. Fish. 20 (1): 43-55. 13. Patil, G.P., Kedas, G.I. and yeole.S.M., (2008) Zooplankton biodiversity study f two weates bodies in washim district, Maharashtra .J. Aqua . BIol . vol 23 (1): 13-17. 14. Patra A.k., studies on the primary production of rivers, Mahandi at Sembalpus, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India.,4, 290-294 (1985). 15. Rajeshjhas,M., Vijaykumar, K. and Zeba Paerveen,(2010) Seasonal variations of zooplankton committee in freshwaters reservoir Gulbarga District, kadnata ka, sourthindia, international journal of systems Biology, ISSN: 0975-2900, valume Z, issue 1pp: 06-11. 16. Saha L.C and Pandit B., Dynamics of Primary Productivity between lentic and Laticl system in relation to abiotic Factors, J- jundian Bot. soc., 69 (3&4), 213-217 (1990). 17. Singh. N.K., Phytoplankton productivity, impact ct of some ecological factors, Not Aademic Sci Lelt., 4;227-230 (1981). 18. Vaillina etal. 204 a S.M vallina, M.J follows, S dutkie wicz. J.M Montoya, P. lerme no, M. Loreau. Global relationship between phytoplankton diversity and productivity in the ocean. Not. common., 2(2015), p. 21299. 19. Verma, P.U., Chandawat, D.K and Solanki, H.A., (201) sesonal vasiation in phyricochemical and phyto plankton analy’s of kaskasia Lake. Life scince es Leaflets 19: 842-845, 41-48. 20. Vijayasaghavan, s., (1971). Seasonal vasiation in pri. productivity in three tropical ponds. Hydrobid. 38: 395-408. 21. Vijay Raghwan, Krishna, S.P and Michael, R.G. (1971). Seasonal variation in primary productivity in three tropical ponds. Hydrobiol. 39 (3-4): 395-408.
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References

1. Bilgrami, K.S, Dattamunshi, I.S , Siddiqui, E.N, & Singh, N.K Primary Preductivity of phyloplemkton of river goong Biological Bulletin,1, (1979)39-42. ODUM, H.T. 1956 Primary Production in following water Limnol , ceanog, 1: 102-117.
2. Bott, T.L., 1996, Primary Prodrctivity and community respiration, in Harer, R., and Lambesti, G.A. , eds Stream ecology-firld and labonatory exercies San Diego, Calif , Acadenic press, P.533-556 Marse,], A., ]r, 1970 Primary productivity of reet-building catcascous red algae: Ecology, V. ,no 2, P. 255-263.
3. Goardes T. and Gran H.H., Investigations of the Production of Phyloplankton in aslo Fjord, Rapp Proc. Verb. Cons. Prem. Inst. Explor. Mer., 42,1-48 (1927).
4. HELCOM. 2015. Guidelines concerning phytoplnkton Species composition, abundonce and biomass. manual for marine monitoring in the combine programme of HELCOM. Annex L-6, Lastupdated february 2015.
5. Khatri, T.C. (1987) Seasonal clistribution of phytoplankton-in Idukki Reservoir of kerela (India) Environ. E.5(1), 71-73.
6. Lakshminarayan, J.S. (1965) Study on phybo plankton of river Ganges, Varanasi, India Hydrobiol 25:119-165.
7. Levy etyal., 2014 M.Levy, O. John,s. dutkiewicz, M.J. Structure affected by oceanic dispersal and mesoscale turbulence Limnol. oceanagr. fluids Environ., 4(1) (2014), pp.67-84, 10. 1215/21573689-2768549.
8. Malik DS, Bharti umesh. status of plankton diversity and biological productivity by sahastradhasa stream at uttarakhand, Jhdia J.’Appl. Nat. sci.2012; 4 (1): 96-103.
9. Maresh, J.A., jr, 1970 Primary Productivity of roof building calcaseous red algae: Ecology, 4 no 2, p.255-263.
10. Mishra, Chakraborty SK, Jaiswas AK, Shasma AP, Deshmukhe G, Mohan M. plenkton density in Dhausa and Baigul reservoirs of uttarakhand 3nd. J. of Fish. 2010;57 (3) : 19-27.
11. Mukerjee,B. and Pankahshi, G.V.N., (1995). The impact of deheergant on plankton diversity in fresh waters bodies, J. of environ . Biol, 16 (3), 211-218.
12. Pathak, S (1973) .observation of the seasonal fluctuation of plankton in the chilka lake India.J. Fish. 20 (1): 43-55.
13. Patil, G.P., Kedas, G.I. and yeole.S.M., (2008) Zooplankton biodiversity study f two weates bodies in washim district, Maharashtra .J. Aqua . BIol . vol 23 (1): 13-17.
14. Patra A.k., studies on the primary production of rivers, Mahandi at Sembalpus, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India.,4, 290-294 (1985).
15. Rajeshjhas,M., Vijaykumar, K. and Zeba Paerveen,(2010) Seasonal variations of zooplankton committee in freshwaters reservoir Gulbarga District, kadnata ka, sourthindia, international journal of systems Biology, ISSN: 0975-2900, valume Z, issue 1pp: 06-11.
16. Saha L.C and Pandit B., Dynamics of Primary Productivity between lentic and Laticl system in relation to abiotic Factors, J- jundian Bot. soc., 69 (3&4), 213-217 (1990).
17. Singh. N.K., Phytoplankton productivity, impact ct of some ecological factors, Not Aademic Sci Lelt., 4;227-230 (1981).
18. Vaillina etal. 204 a S.M vallina, M.J follows, S dutkie wicz. J.M Montoya, P. lerme no, M. Loreau. Global relationship between phytoplankton diversity and productivity in the ocean. Not. common., 2(2015), p. 21299.
19. Verma, P.U., Chandawat, D.K and Solanki, H.A., (201) sesonal vasiation in phyricochemical and phyto plankton analy’s of kaskasia Lake. Life scince es Leaflets 19: 842-845, 41-48.
20. Vijayasaghavan, s., (1971). Seasonal vasiation in pri. productivity in three tropical ponds. Hydrobid. 38: 395-408.
21. Vijay Raghwan, Krishna, S.P and Michael, R.G. (1971). Seasonal variation in primary productivity in three tropical ponds. Hydrobiol. 39 (3-4): 395-408.
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