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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Botany (Plant Science)

Current Ecological Scenario: Urbanisation and Solid Waste Management

Dr. Achala Srivastava
Assistant Professor in Botany Departmeant of Botany, S. S. Khanna Girls’ Degree College Allahabad. U.P. India.211003
Online First: May 03, 2018
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Abstract

In our society as we are getting civilised and technically advance, we are surrounded by some social and environmental issues and one of them is “Waste Management” .The waste generated from the various sources can be categorised into two following types:


I] Biodegradable waste: Those materials which can be degraded (broken down) by the micro-organisms, from complex form to simple forms and relatively harmless compounds e.g. paper, vegetable  and fruit peels, food leftovers, sewage, animal’s excreta, plants and its parts etc.


II] Non-biodegradable waste: Those materials which cannot be degraded e.g. plastics, glass, some biomedical waste, styrofoam, thermacole (the kinds of packing material) and pesticides like DDT etc.


The solid waste includes bottles, glass containers, crockery, plastic containers, polyethylene and other packing materials which are used and then thrown away as garbage. These pile up at public   and demolition, sludge, dead and decaying animals, heaps of crop residues etc. All of these materials enhancing more quantity of solid waste in the urban and populated areas than in the rural areas.


Solid waste can be disposed to the land or ocean. Solid wastes can also be recovered and reprocessed as well as recycled. Before disposal or recovery, all waste is segregated accordingly into solid and liquid wastes and side by side into bio and non-bio degradable waste to make the waste management programmes successfully6. As already mentioned, waste disposal in India simply involves rounding up the waste from different parts of the city, and dumping everything in landfills. Various research institutes estimate that 1400 sq.km. land would be required by  2047 for municipal waste. All these i.e. collection, classification and recovery are forming the steps of systematic any waste management assignments.

Keyword : WTERT (Waste to Energy Research and Technology), MSW (Municipal Solid Waste), MBT (Mechanical Biological Treatment), SLF (Sanitary Landfilling).

  Submitted
May 3, 2018
Published
May 3, 2018
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References

1. Bharti Chaturvedi (Editor) Chintan Environmental Research and Action Group. Report 19th Aug 2012. 2. D.C., Belagalis L.: Seasonal Variations of Microbial Population During of Composting Processes Municipal Wastes. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014 Shyamala. 3. Fianda Revina Widyastuti, Purwanto and Hadiyanto: Biogaspotential from the treatment of solid waste of Dairy Cattle at Bangka Botanical Garden, Bankalpinang: International Journal of Waste Resources.2013:128.DOI 10.4172/2252-5211.100012. 4. Mansi Rastogi, Rajni Honda and Meenakshi Nandal : Review on Anaerobic Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 2014. 5. Mohammad Akhtar Siddqui : Antiviral Effect of Unani Formulation in the Management of Chronic Hepatites B. International Journal of Waste Resources.2013.DOI 10.4172/2267-0412-C1-013. 6. Shuchi Gupta et.al. (Nov. 1998 ) Solid Management in India: Options and Waste Opportunities. Vol.24 (2) 137-154. 7. Shyamala D.C., Belagalis L.: Seasonal Variations of Microbial Population During Composting Processes of Municipal Wastes. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014. 8. Sushil Bhadula and B.D.Joshi : Impact of Religiotouirstic Activities on the Water Quality of Ganga River and Solid Waste Generation with- in Haridwar City India. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 2014. 9. Takum Nato, Kaling Tasing, Sunil Kumar, Ajai Bharti : Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014. 10. Tiwari Garima & Singh S.P. 2014 Application of Bioremediation on Solid Waste Management :Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation. DOI 10.4172/2155-6199.100248. 11. Vishvajit B Kokate, V.V. Sane: Decentralised Approach for Solid Waste Management using Vermi Technology. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014..
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References

1. Bharti Chaturvedi (Editor) Chintan Environmental Research and Action Group. Report 19th Aug 2012.
2. D.C., Belagalis L.: Seasonal Variations of Microbial Population During of Composting Processes Municipal Wastes. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014 Shyamala.
3. Fianda Revina Widyastuti, Purwanto and Hadiyanto: Biogaspotential from the treatment of solid waste of Dairy Cattle at Bangka Botanical Garden, Bankalpinang: International Journal of Waste Resources.2013:128.DOI 10.4172/2252-5211.100012.
4. Mansi Rastogi, Rajni Honda and Meenakshi Nandal : Review on Anaerobic Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 2014.
5. Mohammad Akhtar Siddqui : Antiviral Effect of Unani Formulation in the Management of Chronic Hepatites B. International Journal of Waste Resources.2013.DOI 10.4172/2267-0412-C1-013.
6. Shuchi Gupta et.al. (Nov. 1998 ) Solid Management in India: Options and Waste Opportunities. Vol.24 (2) 137-154.
7. Shyamala D.C., Belagalis L.: Seasonal Variations of Microbial Population During Composting Processes of Municipal Wastes. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014.
8. Sushil Bhadula and B.D.Joshi : Impact of Religiotouirstic Activities on the Water Quality of Ganga River and Solid Waste Generation with- in Haridwar City India. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 2014.
9. Takum Nato, Kaling Tasing, Sunil Kumar, Ajai Bharti : Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014.
10. Tiwari Garima & Singh S.P. 2014 Application of Bioremediation on Solid Waste Management :Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation. DOI 10.4172/2155-6199.100248.
11. Vishvajit B Kokate, V.V. Sane: Decentralised Approach for Solid Waste Management using Vermi Technology. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology. 2014..
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