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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Chemistry

Preparation and Characterization of Polymer Blend Electrolyte for Solid State Battery Application

B.A. Sarada
Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, Andrapradesh, India. P.V.K.N Degree College, Chittoor, Andrapradesh.
M. Ravi
Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, Andrapradesh, India. P.V.K.N Degree College, Chittoor, Andrapradesh.
V.V.R. Narasimha Rao
Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, Andrapradesh, India. P.V.K.N Degree College, Chittoor, Andrapradesh
V.M. Mohan
Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, Andrapradesh, India. P.V.K.N Degree College, Chittoor, Andrapradesh.
Online First: May 03, 2018
| Google Scholar

Abstract

We prepared solvent free (PEO+PVA+KClO4) polymer blend electrolytes by solution cast technique for the solid state battery application. We have investigated structural properties as like X-ray diffraction; Fourier transforms Spectroscopy (FTIR) and differential scanning electron microscopy (DSC). These studies reveal that salt complexation with (PEO+PVA) polymer blend with various concentration was confirmed. Electrical conductivity 3.675×10-6 was estimated for (PEO+PVA+KClO4) blend films at 308 K, by using complex impedance plots. We also investigated dielectric properties such as dielectric permittivity, loss tangent variation with frequency as well as temperature. We calculated activation energies 0.314 eV and 0.393 eV for (PEO+PVA+KClO4) and (PEO+PVA) films, respectively. Finally we fabricated solid state batteries with the configuration K/(PEO+PVA+KClO4) polymerbelnd electrolyte/(C+Polymer+I2) and studied its discharge characteristics.

Keyword : : (PEO PVA KClO4) solid polymer electrolyte, structural characterization, Impedance and dielectric properties, fabrication of K ion battery, discharge characteristics

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May 3, 2018
Published
May 3, 2018
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References

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References

1. B. Scrosati, Nature 573 (1995) 557–558.
2. L. Porcarelli, C. Garbaldi, F. Bella, J.R. Nair, Sci. Rep. 6 (2016), http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1038/srep19892.
3. R. Kumar, S. Sharma, D. Pathak, N. Dhiman, N. Arorac, Solid State Ionics 305 (2017) 57.
4. S. Chandra, M.Z.A. Munshi (Ed.), Handbook of Solid State Batteries and Capacitors, World Scientific, Singapore, 1995, p. 579.
5. S.R. Narayanan, S.P. Yen, L. Liu, S.G. Greenbaum, J. Phys. Chem. B 110 (2006) 3942.
6. R. Manjuladevi, M. Thamilselvan, S. Selvasekarapandian, R. Mangalam, M. Premalatha, S. Monisha, Solid State Ionics 308 (2017) 90.
7. P. Kesharwani, D.K.Sahu, Y.K. Mahipal, R.C. Agrawal, J. Mater. Chem. and Phys. 193 (2017) 524.
8. G. Mac Glashan, Y.G. Andreev, P.G. Bruce, Nature 398 (1999) 792.
9. A. Kumar, S.V. Murugadoss, S. Angaiah, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (2017), http://dx.doi. org/10.1002/APP.45177.
10. S. Sharma, N. Dhiman, D. Pathak, R. Kumar, i-Manager's, J. Mater. Sci. 3 (2016) 28.
11. N. Rajeswari, S. Selvasekarapandian, C. Sanjeeviraja, J. Kawamura, S. Asath Bahadur, Polym. Bull. 71 (2014) 1061.
12. M. Sawicki and L. L. Shaw, RSC Adv., 5(2015) 53129.
13. Y. Xie, H. Wang, G. Xu, J. Wang, H. Sheng, Z. Chen, Y. Ren, C. Sun, J. Wen, J. Wang, D. Miller, J. Lu, K. Amine and Z. F. Ma, Adv. Energy Mater., 6 (2016) 1601306.
14. M. D. Slater, D. Kim, E. Lee and C. S. Johnson, Adv. Funct. Mater.,23 (2013) 947.
15. X. Zhang, Z. Hou, X. Li, J. Liang, Y. Zhu and Y. Qian, J. Mater. Chem. A, 4 (2016) 856.
16. Y. Cao, Y. Wang, Q. Wang, Z. Zhang, Y. Che, Y. Xia and X. Dai, Energy Storage Sci. Technol., 5 (2016) 317.
17. Y. Wang, L. Mu, J.Liu, Z. Yang, X. Yu, L. Gu, Y. S. Hu, H. Li, X. Q. Yang, L. Chen and X. Huang, Adv. Energy Mater., 5 (2015) 1501005.
18. Hodge, G.H. Edward , G.P. Simon, J. Polymer 37, l (1996) 1371.
19. V.Madhu Mohan, V.Raja, A.K. Sharma, V.V.R. Narasimha Rao, Mater, Chem. Phys. 94 (2004) 177.
20. M.Y.A. Rahman, A. Ahmad, T.K. Lee, Y. Farina, H.M. Dahlan, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 124 (2012) 2227.
21. K. Kiran Kumar, M. Ravi, Y. Pavani, S. Bhavani, A.K. Sharma, V.V.R. Narasimha Rao, Journal of Membrane Science 454 (2014) 200.
22. A. Awadhia, S.L. Agrawal, Solid State Ionics 178 (2007) 951.
23. L.Fan, Z.Dang, G.Wei, C.W.Nan, M.Li, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 99 (2003) 340.
24. R.Baskaran, S.Selva sekhara pandian, G.Hiran Kumar, M.S.Bhuvaneswari, Ionics 10 (2004) 129.
25. G. Hiran Kumar, S. Selva sekara pandian, M.S. Bhuvaneswari, R. Baskaran, M. Vijaya Kumar, lonics 10 (2004)135.
26. J.Y. Song, H.H. Lee, Y.Y. Wang, C.C. Wang, J. Power sources 111 (2002) 255.
27. J.R. Macdonald, Impedance spectroscopy (ed), Ann. Biomed. Eng. 20 (1992) 289.
28. Y. Li, J-W. Wang, J-W.Tang, Y-P. Liu, Y-D. He, J. Power Sources 187 (2009) 305.
29. H-Y. Che, S. Chen, Y-Y. Xie, H. Wang, K. Amine, X-Z. Liao, Z-F. Ma, Energy Environ.Sci.,10 (2017) 1075.
30. M. Ravi, S-H. Song, S.Gao, X-L. Wang, Y-H. Fan, Polymer Testing 58 (2017) 116.
31. P.K.C.Pillai, P.Khurana, A.Trilateral , J.Mater. Sci. Lett. 5 (1986) 629.
32. M. Ravi, S-H. Song, K-M. Gu, J-N. Tang, Z-G. Zhang, Mater.Sci.Engg.B 195(2015)74.
33. V.Raja, A.K.Sharma, V.V.R.Narasimha Rao, J.Mater.Lett. 58 (2004) 3242.
34. Ch.V. Subba Reddy, Xia Han, Quan-Yao Zhu, Li-Qiang Hai and WenChen,J.Microelectronic Eng., 83 (2006) 281.
35. B.Tareev, Physics of dielectric materials, MIR publication, Moscow, 1979.
36. A.Karmakar, A.Ghosh, Current applied physics, 12 (2012) 539.
37. C.C.Ku, R.Liepins, Electrical properties, Hanser publishes, Newyork (1987).
38. S. Ibrahim, S.M.M. Yasin, N-M. Nee, R. Ahmad, M.R. Johan, Solid State Com.,152 (2012)426.
39. R.C.Rastogi, K.C.Chopra, Thin solid films, 27 (1975) 311.
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