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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Nursing

Medication Adherence among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension

Dr. Umadevi A K
Professor and HOD Dept of MSN Kempegowda College of Nursing, Bangalore. Mail – umadeviak@yahoo.co.in. Mob 9480490111
Gulafshan .
M.sc (N) students Dept of MSN Kempegowda College of Nursing, Bangalore.
Kheyali Bag
M.sc (N) students Dept of MSN Kempegowda College of Nursing, Bangalore.
Shiny Dorkes
M.sc (N) students Dept of MSN Kempegowda College of Nursing, Bangalore.
Online First: April 24, 2018
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Abstract

Objective: to assess the medication adherence among patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension at a selected hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka.


Materials and Methods: Quantitative research approach and non experimental exploratory research design were used to accomplish the stated objectives. The investigator selected a sample of 60 patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus using a purposive sampling technique. The data were collected by using Morisky medication adherence scale.


Result: Descriptive statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS-IBM 21. Results were calculated by using p value < 0.05. The result revealed that out of 60 patients, 39 (65%) had scored medium adherence and only one patient had scored high adherence.


Conclusion: The study result shows that majority of patients need to have education regarding strategies to improve medication adherence.


 

Keyword : Morisky, medication adherence, Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus.

  Submitted
Apr 24, 2018
Published
Apr 24, 2018
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References

1. Anjana RM, Ali MK, Pradeepa R, Deepa M, Datta M, Unnikrishnan R, et al. 2011,The need for obtaining accurate nationwide estimates of diabetes prevalence in India-rationale for a national study on diabetes: Indian J Med Res, 133:369–80. 2. Cramer JA, Benedict A, Muszbek N, Keskinaslan A, Khan ZM, 2008, The significance of compliance and persistence in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia: A review, Int J Clin Pract, 62:76–87. 3. Krousel-Wood M, Thomas S, Muntner P, Morisky D, 2004, Medication adherence: a key factor in achieving blood pressure control and good clinical outcomes in hypertensive patients, Curr Opin Cardiology, 19(4):357-62 . 4. Marie T. Brown and Jennifer K. Bussell, 2011, Medication Adherence: WHO cares?, Mayo clinic proc, 86(4) : 304-314. 5. Morisky DE, Green LW, Levine DM, 1986, Concurrent and predictive validity of a self-reported measure of medication adherence, Med Care, 24(1):67-74. 6. Nandini Natarajan, Wayne Putnam, Kristine Van Aarsen, Kristine Beverley Lawson, Fred Burge, 2013, Adherence to antihypertensive medications among family practice among patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus, Canadian Family Physician, 59 (2):93–100. 7. Padmavati S, 2002 A meta-analysis-National heart institute, New Delhi, Indian Heart Journal, 54:99–102. 8. Srinivas G, Suresh E, Jagadeesan M, Amalraj E, Datta M, 2002, Treatment-seeking behavior and compliance of diabetic patients in a rural area of south India, Ann N Y Acad Sci, 958:420–424. 9. Sweileh WM, Aker O, Hamooz ., 2005, Rate of compliance among patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension, An-Najah Univ J Research-A-(Natural Sciences) , 19:1–12. 10. World Health Organization, 2003. World Health Organization Hypertension in adherence to long-term therapies: evidence for action.
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References

1. Anjana RM, Ali MK, Pradeepa R, Deepa M, Datta M, Unnikrishnan R, et al. 2011,The need for obtaining accurate nationwide estimates of diabetes prevalence in India-rationale for a national study on diabetes: Indian J Med Res, 133:369–80.
2. Cramer JA, Benedict A, Muszbek N, Keskinaslan A, Khan ZM, 2008, The significance of compliance and persistence in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia: A review, Int J Clin Pract, 62:76–87.
3. Krousel-Wood M, Thomas S, Muntner P, Morisky D, 2004, Medication adherence: a key factor in achieving blood pressure control and good clinical outcomes in hypertensive patients, Curr Opin Cardiology, 19(4):357-62 .
4. Marie T. Brown and Jennifer K. Bussell, 2011, Medication Adherence: WHO cares?, Mayo clinic proc, 86(4) : 304-314.
5. Morisky DE, Green LW, Levine DM, 1986, Concurrent and predictive validity of a self-reported measure of medication adherence, Med Care, 24(1):67-74.
6. Nandini Natarajan, Wayne Putnam, Kristine Van Aarsen, Kristine Beverley Lawson, Fred Burge, 2013, Adherence to antihypertensive medications among family practice among patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus, Canadian Family Physician, 59 (2):93–100.
7. Padmavati S, 2002 A meta-analysis-National heart institute, New Delhi, Indian Heart Journal, 54:99–102.
8. Srinivas G, Suresh E, Jagadeesan M, Amalraj E, Datta M, 2002, Treatment-seeking behavior and compliance of diabetic patients in a rural area of south India, Ann N Y Acad Sci, 958:420–424.
9. Sweileh WM, Aker O, Hamooz ., 2005, Rate of compliance among patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension, An-Najah Univ J Research-A-(Natural Sciences) , 19:1–12.
10. World Health Organization, 2003. World Health Organization Hypertension in adherence to long-term therapies: evidence for action.
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