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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Zoology

Efficacy of Certain Plant Ingredients as Growth Enhancer in Poecilialatipinna (Lesueur, 1821)

Divya. M. S
PG & Research Department of Zoology, Sree Narayana College, Kollam-691001, Kerala, India
Dr Sreeja. J
Sree Narayana College for Women, Kollam-691001, Kollam-691001, Kerala, India
Online First: April 18, 2018
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Abstract

Abstract:


Ornamental fishes play a vital role in alleviating the pressure and stress encountered by the modern society subjected to multifactorial stress elements ultimately destroys their overall physiological mechanisms prone to diseases.In our study three indigenous plant materialsA.sativum, B.monneiri&M.fragrans incorporated diet (TD2,TD3, TD4&TD5) in individual and mixed proportion provided to the ornamental fish P.latipinna.The mean length- weight relationship for tested diets CF, TD1, TD2, TD3, TD4 and TD5analysed by paired test with Turkey HSD showed significance with p <0.01. The ANOVA test for length gain showed significant difference in gain in length among feeds at 1% level of significance (p-value<.01). The post hoc multiple comparison showed two homogeneous groups. Even though the highest gain in length observed in TD1with little significant difference in gains among others.The ANOVA test done for weight gain showed there was significant difference in gain in weight among feeds at 1% level of significance (p-value<.01). The post hoc multiple comparison showed four homogeneous groups with highest gain in weight observed in TD4 and the least in CF. The survival rate among fishes fed with six diets observed 70% in CF, 80% in TD1, 100% in TD2 and 90% in TD3, TD4&TD5. The present work hence enlightened the accuracy of medicinal plants in promoting growth and survival in orange molly.

Keyword : Allium sativum, Bacopa monneiri, Myristica fragrans, Poecilia latipinna.

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Apr 18, 2018
Published
Apr 18, 2018
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References

1. AOAC. (2005). Official methods of analysis of AOAC, 18th edition, In: Horwitz, W. (Ed.), AOAC, Washington.D.C., 1094. 2. APHA. (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. 18th. Ed., American Public Health Association DC. Aquaculture 17:63-92. 3. Divya, M.S and Dr. Sreeja.J. (2017). Phytochemical Analysis of Myristica fragrans in different solvents. Proceedings of the National Seminar On Blue Economy: Fostering Sustainable Development and Profitable Resource Utilization. ISBN 978-93-85752-56-8. 73-76. 4. Murthy and Kiran, B.R.(2013). Review on usage of medicinal plants in fish diseases. Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 4(3): 975-986. 5. Syahidah, A., Saad, C.R., Daud, H.M., and Abdelhadi Y.M. (2015). Status and potential of herbal application in aquaculture. A review. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences.14(1). 27-44. 6. Adams, C.A. (2005). Nutrition based health. Feed International. 2125-28. 7. Ramudu Kurva Raghu and Dash Gadhadar. (2013). A review on herbal drugs against harmful pathogens in Aquaculture. American journal of Drug Delivery and Development. 5(3). 56-59. 8. Abdulwahab, A.M and El-Bahr, S.M. (2012). Influence of Black Cumin seeds (Nigella sativa) and Curcumalonga mixture on the growth performance and serum biochemistry of Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 4(5):495-503. 9. Ezhil J., C. Jeyanthi and M. Narayanan (2008). Marigold as acarotenoid source on pigmentation and growth of red sword tail, Xiphophorus helleri. Turkish Journal ofFisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 8:99-102. 10. Joseph B., Sujath S., Jemima S. J. and Palavesam A. (2011). Influence of Four ornamental flowers on the growth andcolouration of orange sword tail Chicilidae fish(Xiphophorus hellerei, Heckel, 1940).Int J Biol Med Res.,2(3):621-626. 11. Divya, M.S and Dr. Sreeja. J. (2016). Effect of plant extracts on growth and survival in Xiphophorusmaculatus as an alternative to chemotherapy. International conference on Environmental Sustainability for food Security (ENFOSE-2016), 121. 12. Divya, M.S and Dr. Sreeja. J. (2016). Use of Plant Extracts in Ornamental Fish Culture as an Alternative to Chemotherapy. Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Stress and Aquatic Animal Health. ISBN 978-93-5258-826-8. 13. Venkatramalingam, K. J., Godwin Christopher and T. Citarasu. (2007). Aquaculture Nutrition. 13; 439-443. 14. Citarasu, T., Immanuel, G. and Marian, M.P., (1999). Effect of feeding Artemia enriched with strestol and cod liver oil on growth and stress resistance in the Indian white shrimp Penaeus indicus post larvae. Asian Fisheries Science, 12:65-76. 15. Bhavan Saravana, S., Mohammed Siddiq, V., Srinivasan, T., Muralisankar., Manickam, M. (2014). Effects of seeds of medicinal plants, Syzygium cumini, Phyllanthus emblica, Azadirachta indica and Ricinus communis on growth promotion in Macrobrachium malcolmsonii early juveniles. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences(IJRSB). 2(11):95-106. 16. Jagade Temitope. (2012). Effect of Garlic (Allium sativum) on growth, Nutrient utilization, Resistance and Survival of Tilapia zillii(Gervais, 1852) fingerlings. Journal of Agricultural Science. 4(2):150-158. 17. Ahilan, B., Jegan, K., Felix, N and Ravaneswaran K.(2008). Influence of botanical additives on the growth and colouration of adult gold fish (Carassius auratus), TamilNadu J. Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 4(4), 129-134. 18. Rebecca Anne and Bhavan Saravana. (2013). Growth promotion and survival enhancement of the fresh water prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae fed with Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale and Curcumalonga. Int. J. Pure Appl.Zoo.,2(2):138-149. 19. Arulvasu C., Ramya Meena S., Chandhirasekar D. and Sivaganam S. (2013). Evaluation of Natural Sources of Carotenoid Pigments from Rosa rubiginosa on Growth, Survival and Coloration of Xiphophorus helleri Fish Fry, European Journal of Biological Sciences. 5(2), 44-49. 20. Harpaz S. and Padowicz D. (2007). Color Enhancement in the Ornamental Dwarf Cichlid Microgeophagus ramirezi by addition of Plant Carotenoids to the Fish Diet. The Israeli Journal of Aquacultur- Bamidgeh., 59(4):195-200.
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References

1. AOAC. (2005). Official methods of analysis of AOAC, 18th edition, In: Horwitz, W. (Ed.), AOAC, Washington.D.C., 1094.
2. APHA. (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. 18th. Ed., American Public Health Association DC. Aquaculture 17:63-92.
3. Divya, M.S and Dr. Sreeja.J. (2017). Phytochemical Analysis of Myristica fragrans in different solvents. Proceedings of the National Seminar On Blue Economy: Fostering Sustainable Development and Profitable Resource Utilization. ISBN 978-93-85752-56-8. 73-76.
4. Murthy and Kiran, B.R.(2013). Review on usage of medicinal plants in fish diseases. Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 4(3): 975-986.
5. Syahidah, A., Saad, C.R., Daud, H.M., and Abdelhadi Y.M. (2015). Status and potential of herbal application in aquaculture. A review. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences.14(1). 27-44.
6. Adams, C.A. (2005). Nutrition based health. Feed International. 2125-28.
7. Ramudu Kurva Raghu and Dash Gadhadar. (2013). A review on herbal drugs against harmful pathogens in Aquaculture. American journal of Drug Delivery and Development. 5(3). 56-59.
8. Abdulwahab, A.M and El-Bahr, S.M. (2012). Influence of Black Cumin seeds (Nigella sativa) and Curcumalonga mixture on the growth performance and serum biochemistry of Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 4(5):495-503.
9. Ezhil J., C. Jeyanthi and M. Narayanan (2008). Marigold as acarotenoid source on pigmentation and growth of red sword tail, Xiphophorus helleri. Turkish Journal ofFisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 8:99-102.
10. Joseph B., Sujath S., Jemima S. J. and Palavesam A. (2011). Influence of Four ornamental flowers on the growth andcolouration of orange sword tail Chicilidae fish(Xiphophorus hellerei, Heckel, 1940).Int J Biol Med Res.,2(3):621-626.
11. Divya, M.S and Dr. Sreeja. J. (2016). Effect of plant extracts on growth and survival in Xiphophorusmaculatus as an alternative to chemotherapy. International conference on Environmental Sustainability for food Security (ENFOSE-2016), 121.
12. Divya, M.S and Dr. Sreeja. J. (2016). Use of Plant Extracts in Ornamental Fish Culture as an Alternative to Chemotherapy. Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Stress and Aquatic Animal Health. ISBN 978-93-5258-826-8.
13. Venkatramalingam, K. J., Godwin Christopher and T. Citarasu. (2007). Aquaculture Nutrition. 13; 439-443.
14. Citarasu, T., Immanuel, G. and Marian, M.P., (1999). Effect of feeding Artemia enriched with strestol and cod liver oil on growth and stress resistance in the Indian white shrimp Penaeus indicus post larvae. Asian Fisheries Science, 12:65-76.
15. Bhavan Saravana, S., Mohammed Siddiq, V., Srinivasan, T., Muralisankar., Manickam, M. (2014). Effects of seeds of medicinal plants, Syzygium cumini, Phyllanthus emblica, Azadirachta indica and Ricinus communis on growth promotion in Macrobrachium malcolmsonii early juveniles. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences(IJRSB). 2(11):95-106.
16. Jagade Temitope. (2012). Effect of Garlic (Allium sativum) on growth, Nutrient utilization, Resistance and Survival of Tilapia zillii(Gervais, 1852) fingerlings. Journal of Agricultural Science. 4(2):150-158.
17. Ahilan, B., Jegan, K., Felix, N and Ravaneswaran K.(2008). Influence of botanical additives on the growth and colouration of adult gold fish (Carassius auratus), TamilNadu J. Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 4(4), 129-134.
18. Rebecca Anne and Bhavan Saravana. (2013). Growth promotion and survival enhancement of the fresh water prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae fed with Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale and Curcumalonga. Int. J. Pure Appl.Zoo.,2(2):138-149.
19. Arulvasu C., Ramya Meena S., Chandhirasekar D. and Sivaganam S. (2013). Evaluation of Natural Sources of Carotenoid Pigments from Rosa rubiginosa on Growth, Survival and Coloration of Xiphophorus helleri Fish Fry, European Journal of Biological Sciences. 5(2), 44-49.
20. Harpaz S. and Padowicz D. (2007). Color Enhancement in the Ornamental Dwarf Cichlid Microgeophagus ramirezi by addition of Plant Carotenoids to the Fish Diet. The Israeli Journal of Aquacultur- Bamidgeh., 59(4):195-200.
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