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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Zoology

Study on the Pollution Load of River Ganga with Particular Reference to Physicochemical Variation in and Around the Chapra, Bihar

Dr. R. K. SINGH
Associate Professor, P.G. Department of Zoology, J.P. University, Chapra
DEEPSHIKHA KUMARI
Research Scholar, J.P. University, Chapra, Bihar 841301, India
Online First: April 11, 2018
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Abstract

The present study of the pollution load of River Ganga is observed from Chapra, Bihar. The way of river Ganga from Chapra, Bihar is downside.  According to the present study, the evaluation of physicochemical parameters (Temperature 18â—¦C to 32â—¦C, pH 6.8 to 8, Conductivity 146mhos/cm to 187.8mhos/cm, TDS 1349mg/l to1725mg/l and Dissolved oxygen 3.1mg/l to 4.9mg/l) was carried out to access the quality of the pollution in Ganga River. The present work was started from October 2016 to September 2017 by monthly sampling from three different stations. The observed data is showing very poor condition of River Ganga at Chapra, Bihar.

Keyword : Ganga River, Pollution, Physicochemical Parameters.

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Apr 11, 2018
Published
Apr 11, 2018
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References

1. A.K. Rai, Biswajit Paul, Lopa Mudra and Nawal Kishor (October 2011). Studies of selected water quality parameters of River Ganges at Patna, Bihar, Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, Volume 2, Issue 4, ISSN 0976-7614, pages 136-140. 2. A.M Duda, (August 1993). Addressing non-point sources of water pollution must become an international priority, International Association of Water Quality, 28 (3-5); 1-11. 3. Basant Rai (April 2013), Pollution and conservation of Ganga River in modern India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, Volume 3, Issue 4, ISSN 2250-3153, pages 1-4. 4. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) (2009). Indian standards specification for drinking water, second revision of IS: 10500. 5. C.K. Jain (2002) Hydro-chemical study of a mountainous watershed: the Ganga, India, Water Res. 36, 1262-1274. 6. C.S. Nautiyal (January 2009), Self Purificatory Ganga water facilitates death of pathogenic Escherichia coli 0157:H7. Current Microbiology, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 25-29. 7. D. Mukherjee , M. Chattopadhaya, S.C. Lahiri (1993), Water quality of river Ganga (the Ganges) and some of its physicochemical properties. The Environmentalist 13(3): 199-210. 8. D.P. Oliver, R.S.Kookona, , J.S. Anderson, Cox, N. Fleming, N. Waller and L. Smith (2012): Offsite transport of pesticides from two horticultural land uses in the Mt. Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Agricultural Water management, Volume 106 Issue C, 60-69. 9. Dipak Paul (June 2017), Research on heavy metal pollution of river Ganga: A review. Annals of Agrarian Science, Volume 15, Issue 2, pages 278-286. 10. P Sharma, PK Mehar, KP Mishra (2012). Distribution of non- radioactive heavy elements in water of river Ganges from Rishikesh to Allahabad: A study on possible health effects. Journal of Nehru Gram Bharti University; 1(1):52-58. 11. R.K. Tiwary, G.P. Rajak, Abhishek, M.R. Mondal (October 2005). Water quality assessment of Ganga River in Bihar region, India. J. Environ. Sci. Eng, 47(4):326-35. 12. R Schulz (2001a), Comparison of spray drift and runoff related input of azinphos-methyl and endosulfan from fruit orchards into the Lourens River, South Africa, Chemosphere, 45, 543-551. 13. R Schulz (2001b): Rainfall induced sediment and pesticide input from orchards into the Lourens River, Western cape, South Africa: Importance of a single event, water Res, 35, 1869-1876. 14. S.K. Singh and J.P.N. Rai (2003). Pollution studies on river Ganga in Allahabad District, Pollution Research, 22:469-472. 15. T.W. Prakash, J. Asman, and G.S. Rastogi (2007). Water Quality Assessment of Thirparappu Reservoir, Kanyakumari. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, 27(8): pp-733-736. 16. World Health Organisation (WHO) (2011), guidelines for drinking water quality, 4th ed. Geneva, ISBN 9789241548151.
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References

1. A.K. Rai, Biswajit Paul, Lopa Mudra and Nawal Kishor (October 2011). Studies of selected water quality parameters of River Ganges at Patna, Bihar, Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, Volume 2, Issue 4, ISSN 0976-7614, pages 136-140.
2. A.M Duda, (August 1993). Addressing non-point sources of water pollution must become an international priority, International Association of Water Quality, 28 (3-5); 1-11.
3. Basant Rai (April 2013), Pollution and conservation of Ganga River in modern India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, Volume 3, Issue 4, ISSN 2250-3153, pages 1-4.
4. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) (2009). Indian standards specification for drinking water, second revision of IS: 10500.
5. C.K. Jain (2002) Hydro-chemical study of a mountainous watershed: the Ganga, India, Water Res. 36, 1262-1274.
6. C.S. Nautiyal (January 2009), Self Purificatory Ganga water facilitates death of pathogenic Escherichia coli 0157:H7. Current Microbiology, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 25-29.
7. D. Mukherjee , M. Chattopadhaya, S.C. Lahiri (1993), Water quality of river Ganga (the Ganges) and some of its physicochemical properties. The Environmentalist 13(3): 199-210.
8. D.P. Oliver, R.S.Kookona, , J.S. Anderson, Cox, N. Fleming, N. Waller and L. Smith (2012): Offsite transport of pesticides from two horticultural land uses in the Mt. Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Agricultural Water management, Volume 106 Issue C, 60-69.
9. Dipak Paul (June 2017), Research on heavy metal pollution of river Ganga: A review. Annals of Agrarian Science, Volume 15, Issue 2, pages 278-286.
10. P Sharma, PK Mehar, KP Mishra (2012). Distribution of non- radioactive heavy elements in water of river Ganges from Rishikesh to Allahabad: A study on possible health effects. Journal of Nehru Gram Bharti University; 1(1):52-58.
11. R.K. Tiwary, G.P. Rajak, Abhishek, M.R. Mondal (October 2005). Water quality assessment of Ganga River in Bihar region, India. J. Environ. Sci. Eng, 47(4):326-35.
12. R Schulz (2001a), Comparison of spray drift and runoff related input of azinphos-methyl and endosulfan from fruit orchards into the Lourens River, South Africa, Chemosphere, 45, 543-551.
13. R Schulz (2001b): Rainfall induced sediment and pesticide input from orchards into the Lourens River, Western cape, South Africa: Importance of a single event, water Res, 35, 1869-1876.
14. S.K. Singh and J.P.N. Rai (2003). Pollution studies on river Ganga in Allahabad District, Pollution Research, 22:469-472.
15. T.W. Prakash, J. Asman, and G.S. Rastogi (2007). Water Quality Assessment of Thirparappu Reservoir, Kanyakumari. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, 27(8): pp-733-736.
16. World Health Organisation (WHO) (2011), guidelines for drinking water quality, 4th ed. Geneva, ISBN 9789241548151.
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