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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Zoology

Biodiversity of Insects in Paddy Field at Jeyamangalam, Theni District, India.

Gnana GeethaJ
Jayaraj Annapackiam College for Women, Periyakulam
Delphine Rose M.R
Associate Professor in Zoology, Research Department of Zoology, Jayaraj Annapackiam College for Women (Autonomous), Periyakulam.
Online First: April 11, 2018
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Abstract

Rice is a staple food for many people in the world especially in Asian countries. Rice fields are economically important as well as ecologically valuable. A wide range of plant and animal species exist in rice fields. Rice fields are one of the biggest ecosystems that can be found in tropics, including diverse insect pests and their natural enemies. The present study was carried at Jeyamangalam, Theni District during November 2016 to January 2017. 40 species and 9 orders of insects were collected in the paddy field. The most abundant order was Hemiptera and Orthoptera. The species diversity index was determined using Richness indices and Margalef index R1. Diverse of insects can be potential effective way to conserve, use to enhance biodiversity to sustainable food security in agricultural ecosystem.  

Keyword : Diversity, Paddy field, Abundance, Ecosystem

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Apr 11, 2018
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Apr 11, 2018
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References

1. Altieri, M. A., and Nicholls, C. I. 1999. Biodiversity, ecosystem function, and insect pest management in agricultural systems, pp. 69-84 In W. W. Collins and C. O. Qualset [eds.], Biodiversity in agro ecosystems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 2. Cohen, J. E., Schoenly, K., Heong, K. L., Justo, H., Arida, G., Barrion, A. T., and Litsinger, J. A. 1994. A food web approach to evaluation of the effect of insecticide spraying on insect pest population dynamics in a Philippine irrigated rice ecosystem. J. Appl. Ecol. 31: 747-763. 3. Dunston P. Ambrose, 2004. The Insects: structure, function and biodiversity. Ludhiana, India: Kalyani publishers. PP. 821. 4. Fox, R., Rowntree, K. 2002. The geography of South Africa in a changing world. Oxford University. 5. Gour, T.B, Ratnasudhakar, T. Ramesh Babu, T. Chandrasekara Rao and K. Prasada Rao, A. Rice Insect Pests, diseases. In: Nutritional Disorders, (Eds.) Reddy, D.D.R., Sriramulu, P. and P. Narayan Reddy. ANGRAU Printing Press. 1999; pp. 60. 6. Groombridge, B. Jenkins, M.D. 2002. World Atlas of Biodiversity. Earth’s living resources in the 21 century. University of California press, Berkeley. 7. Ignacimuthu, S. 2005. Green pesticides insect pest management, current science, Vol. 86, No. 8: 25 PP. 1059-1060. 8. Klein, B. C. 1989. The effects of forest fragmentation on dung and carrion beetles (Scaranaeinae) community are in central Amazonia. Ecology 70: 1715-1725. 9. Matson, P. A., Parton, W. J., Power, A. G., and Swift, M. J. 1997. Agricultural intensification and ecosystem properties. Science. 277: 504-509. 10. Muralirangan, M.C., P. Suresh and P.D. Partho,: Observation On The Grasshopper Species Diversity, Density and Distribution Pattern In Peninsular India. The Entomologist. 1993. 11. O’Malley, R. E. 1999. Agricultural wetland management for conservation goals, pp. 857-885 In D. Batzer, R. Rader, S. Wissinger [eds.], Invertebrates in freshwater wetlands of North America. Wiley, New York. 12. Ranga Rao, G.V. Wightman, J.A. and Rameshwar Rao, V. Birds as insect control agents in the groundnut crop. In: Birds in Agricultural Ecosystem, (Eds.) Manjit, S., Dhindsa, P. Syamsunder Rao and B.M. Parasharya. Society for Applied Ornithology (India), Hyderabad and Indian council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 1998; Pp. 7984. 13. Schoenly, K. G., Justo, H. D., Barrion, A. T., Harris, M. K., and Bottrell, D. G. 1998. Analysis of invertebrate biodiversity in a Philippine farmer’s irrigated rice field. Environ. Entomol. 27: 1125-1136. 14. Subramanya, S. and Veeresh, G.K. Avifaunal pattern in the rice fields of Bangalore. In: Birds in Agricultural ecosystems, (Eds.) Manjit S., Dhindsa, P Syamsunder Rao and B.M. Parasharya. Society for Applied Ornithology- (India), Hyderabad and Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 1998; pp. 30-53. 15. Swift, M. J., and Anderson, J. M. 1994. Biodiversity and ecosystem function in agricultural systems, pp. 1541 In E. D. Schulze and H. A. Mooney [eds.,] Biodiversity and ecosystem function. Springer, Berlin. 16. Trueman and Rowe, 2008. Odonata is a relatively small insects order, comprising about 6,500 species placed. J. Entomology. 79: 626-628.
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References

1. Altieri, M. A., and Nicholls, C. I. 1999. Biodiversity, ecosystem function, and insect pest management in agricultural systems, pp. 69-84 In W. W. Collins and C. O. Qualset [eds.], Biodiversity in agro ecosystems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
2. Cohen, J. E., Schoenly, K., Heong, K. L., Justo, H., Arida, G., Barrion, A. T., and Litsinger, J. A. 1994. A food web approach to evaluation of the effect of insecticide spraying on insect pest population dynamics in a Philippine irrigated rice ecosystem. J. Appl. Ecol. 31: 747-763.
3. Dunston P. Ambrose, 2004. The Insects: structure, function and biodiversity. Ludhiana, India: Kalyani publishers. PP. 821.
4. Fox, R., Rowntree, K. 2002. The geography of South Africa in a changing world. Oxford University.
5. Gour, T.B, Ratnasudhakar, T. Ramesh Babu, T. Chandrasekara Rao and K. Prasada Rao, A. Rice Insect Pests, diseases. In: Nutritional Disorders, (Eds.) Reddy, D.D.R., Sriramulu, P. and P. Narayan Reddy. ANGRAU Printing Press. 1999; pp. 60.
6. Groombridge, B. Jenkins, M.D. 2002. World Atlas of Biodiversity. Earth’s living resources in the 21 century. University of California press, Berkeley.
7. Ignacimuthu, S. 2005. Green pesticides insect pest management, current science, Vol. 86, No. 8: 25 PP. 1059-1060.
8. Klein, B. C. 1989. The effects of forest fragmentation on dung and carrion beetles (Scaranaeinae) community are in central Amazonia. Ecology 70: 1715-1725.
9. Matson, P. A., Parton, W. J., Power, A. G., and Swift, M. J. 1997. Agricultural intensification and ecosystem properties. Science. 277: 504-509.
10. Muralirangan, M.C., P. Suresh and P.D. Partho,: Observation On The Grasshopper Species Diversity, Density and Distribution Pattern In Peninsular India. The Entomologist. 1993.
11. O’Malley, R. E. 1999. Agricultural wetland management for conservation goals, pp. 857-885 In D. Batzer, R. Rader, S. Wissinger [eds.], Invertebrates in freshwater wetlands of North America. Wiley, New York.
12. Ranga Rao, G.V. Wightman, J.A. and Rameshwar Rao, V. Birds as insect control agents in the groundnut crop. In: Birds in Agricultural Ecosystem, (Eds.) Manjit, S., Dhindsa, P. Syamsunder Rao and B.M. Parasharya. Society for Applied Ornithology (India), Hyderabad and Indian council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 1998; Pp. 7984.
13. Schoenly, K. G., Justo, H. D., Barrion, A. T., Harris, M. K., and Bottrell, D. G. 1998. Analysis of invertebrate biodiversity in a Philippine farmer’s irrigated rice field. Environ. Entomol. 27: 1125-1136.
14. Subramanya, S. and Veeresh, G.K. Avifaunal pattern in the rice fields of Bangalore. In: Birds in Agricultural ecosystems, (Eds.) Manjit S., Dhindsa, P Syamsunder Rao and B.M. Parasharya. Society for Applied Ornithology- (India), Hyderabad and Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 1998; pp. 30-53.
15. Swift, M. J., and Anderson, J. M. 1994. Biodiversity and ecosystem function in agricultural systems, pp. 1541 In E. D. Schulze and H. A. Mooney [eds.,] Biodiversity and ecosystem function. Springer, Berlin.
16. Trueman and Rowe, 2008. Odonata is a relatively small insects order, comprising about 6,500 species placed. J. Entomology. 79: 626-628.
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