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Current Trends in Science and Technology

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Anthropology

Family Planning and Socio-Economic Dynamics: A Study among the Bodo Kachari Tribe of Assam

Dr Monoj Gogoi
Associate Professor in Anthropology Dudhnoi College, Dudhnoi,Goalpara Assam
Online First: April 07, 2018
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Abstract

The present paper examines the family planning practices of the Boro Kachari tribe of Assam. An attempt has also been made to assess the role of some of the socio-cultural background characteristic in determining the family planning behaviour of the tribe. The study was conducted in 2014 in six villages of Goalpara district predominantly inhabited by the Boro Kachari tribe. The data were collected from 300 ever-married Boro Kachari women aged 15-49 years. The data reveals that the knowledge of family planning is widespread among the members of the tribe. Despite having wide gap between knowledge and practices, the proportion of family planning user is considerably higher (66%). Temporary spacing method is widely prevalent compared to the permanent method of contraception. Oral pill (42.40) is the most prevalent and popular used contraceptive among the women, followed by condom (28%) and IUD (7.62%). The prevalence of sterilization is very low (5.42%). No male sterilization was reported in the study. Findings of the study shows that socio-cultural background like educational status of the women , economic condition of the family, age at marriage of the girls, fertility preferences, etc. exert influence on the family planning behaviour of the tribe.

Keyword : Knowledge and Awareness, Contraceptives, Family planning, ideal number of children, Sterilization, Son preference.

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Apr 7, 2018
Published
Apr 7, 2018
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References

1. Audinarayana, N., 1986, The Influence of Age at Marriage on Fertility and FamilyPlanning Behaviour: A Cross-Cultural Study, Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 33 No. 1: 50-64. 2. Bankole, A and C.F. Westoff, 1995, Childbearing Attitudes and Intentions. Demographic Health Surveys Comparative Studies, No.17 .Calverton, Maryland. Macro International Inc. 3. Census of India: 2001, Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. 4. Census of India :2011, Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. 5. Dabral, Shweta and S.L. Malik ,2004, Demographic Study of Gujjars of Delhi:IV KAP of Family Planning, Journal of Human Ecology, Vol. 16, No. 4: 231-37. 6. Deb, Roumi, 2010, Knowledge,Altitude and Practices Related to Family Planning Methods among the Khasi Tribals of East Khasi Hills Meghalaya, Anthropologist, Vol. 12, No. 1: 41-45. 7. Diamond, I., M.Newby and S.Varle ,1999,Female Education and Fertility, Examiningthe Links. in : Critical Perspectives on Schooling and Fertility in Developing World, edited by C.H. Bledsoe, J.B.Casterline, J.A Johnson-Kuhn and J.G Haaga, Washington D.C: National Academy of Press. 8. District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08, India, Assam, Mumbai:IIPS 9. Dommaraju, P.,2008, Marriage Age and Fertility Dynamics in India, DHS Working Paper, Demographic and Health Research, No 52. Macro International Inc. 10. Dreze, Jean and Mamta Murthy, 2001, Fertility, Education and Development: Evidences fromIndia, Population and Development review, Vol. 27, No. 1: 33-63. 11. International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS) and ORC Macro International, 2007,National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3):2005-06: India, Mumbai. 12. National Rural Health Misssion, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India. Accessed through Internet via www. Nrhmassam.in/ demographic_ profile.php#.Retrieved on 1st june 2016 13. Orubuloye, I.O.,1998, Fertility Transition in South West Nigeria in the Era of Structural adjustment, Paper presented at IUSSP Seminar on Reproductive Change in Sub-Sahara Africa, Nairobi, Kenya:2-4. 14. Prachi, Renjhan., S Das Gupta, Ankur Barua, Jajhu Shipra and Binita Khati, 2008, A Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning among the Reproductive Age Group in Sikkim, J Obstet Gynecol India, Vol.58, No.1:63-67. 15. Sharma R and M Rani, 2009, Contraceptive Use among Tribal Women of Central India: Experiences among DLHS-RCH-II Survey, Research and Practice in Social Science, Vol. 5, No. 1:44-66, 2009. 16. World Health Organization, 1971. Technical Report Series, 473.
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References

1. Audinarayana, N., 1986, The Influence of Age at Marriage on Fertility and FamilyPlanning Behaviour: A Cross-Cultural Study, Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 33 No. 1: 50-64.
2. Bankole, A and C.F. Westoff, 1995, Childbearing Attitudes and Intentions. Demographic Health Surveys Comparative Studies, No.17 .Calverton, Maryland. Macro International Inc.
3. Census of India: 2001, Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.
4. Census of India :2011, Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.
5. Dabral, Shweta and S.L. Malik ,2004, Demographic Study of Gujjars of Delhi:IV KAP of Family Planning, Journal of Human Ecology, Vol. 16, No. 4: 231-37.
6. Deb, Roumi, 2010, Knowledge,Altitude and Practices Related to Family Planning Methods among the Khasi Tribals of East Khasi Hills Meghalaya, Anthropologist, Vol. 12, No. 1: 41-45.
7. Diamond, I., M.Newby and S.Varle ,1999,Female Education and Fertility, Examiningthe Links. in : Critical Perspectives on Schooling and Fertility in Developing World, edited by C.H. Bledsoe, J.B.Casterline, J.A Johnson-Kuhn and J.G Haaga, Washington D.C: National Academy of Press.
8. District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08, India, Assam, Mumbai:IIPS
9. Dommaraju, P.,2008, Marriage Age and Fertility Dynamics in India, DHS Working Paper, Demographic and Health Research, No 52. Macro International Inc.
10. Dreze, Jean and Mamta Murthy, 2001, Fertility, Education and Development: Evidences fromIndia, Population and Development review, Vol. 27, No. 1: 33-63.
11. International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS) and ORC Macro International, 2007,National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3):2005-06: India, Mumbai.
12. National Rural Health Misssion, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India. Accessed through Internet via www. Nrhmassam.in/ demographic_ profile.php#.Retrieved on 1st june 2016
13. Orubuloye, I.O.,1998, Fertility Transition in South West Nigeria in the Era of Structural adjustment, Paper presented at IUSSP Seminar on Reproductive Change in Sub-Sahara Africa, Nairobi, Kenya:2-4.
14. Prachi, Renjhan., S Das Gupta, Ankur Barua, Jajhu Shipra and Binita Khati, 2008, A Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning among the Reproductive Age Group in Sikkim, J Obstet Gynecol India, Vol.58, No.1:63-67.
15. Sharma R and M Rani, 2009, Contraceptive Use among Tribal Women of Central India: Experiences among DLHS-RCH-II Survey, Research and Practice in Social Science, Vol. 5, No. 1:44-66, 2009.
16. World Health Organization, 1971. Technical Report Series, 473.
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