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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Chemistry

Monitoring Water Quality Is Most Important For Health Aspect

Dr. Ratna Roy (Pathak)
Professor of Chemistry Govt. M.L.B. Girls PG Autonomous College Bhopal M.P. India E-mail: pathakratnaroy2001@gmail.com
Online First: April 04, 2018
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Abstract

Groundwater is a fundamental segment of the Earth’s water resources, about 25% of the planet’s overall fresh water supply, while surface water stored in rivers, lakes and soil moisture accounts for less than 1%. Groundwater and surface water are often closely interconnected, so when surface water becomes polluted, groundwater can become contaminated as well.


Water is the basis of the life of all living beings. With the development of modern human civilization, the problem of water pollution has become a serious issue. There is a growing trend of industrialization and urbanization. The villages are fast being transformed into cities and urban clusters with the establishment of various industries in and around, leading to over-exploitation and contamination of water resources. Initially, when various technologies were not developed, the people used to live in the lap of the nature, but with the fast paced development and emergence of industrialization, water pollution has assumed alarming proportions.


Water pollution is a major global problem which requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels (international down to individual aquifers and wells). It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. An estimated 580 people in India die of water pollution related illness every day. In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in developing countries, developed countries continue to struggle with pollution problems. Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic contaminants and either does not support a human use, such as drinking water, or undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities.

Keyword : Contaminated, Urbanization, Over-exploitation, Civilization, Alarming, anthropogenic.

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Apr 4, 2018
Published
Apr 4, 2018
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References

1. APHA (American Public Health Association) Standard method for examination of Water and wastewater, New York, 20 (1998) 2. WHO (World Health Organisation), International standards for drinking water, Geneva, WHO, (2007). 3. Finch, C.A. Mouson. E.R., Iron Nutrition and the fortification of food with Iron Journal of American medical Association. 219; 1462-65. (1972). 4. International organization for, Standardization water quality determination of Iron. Geneva; (150 6322; 1988) (1988). 5. Bothwell T.H. et. al. Iron metabolism in man. Oxford blackwell, (1979). 6. Yin, Z., Jiang, H., Lee, E.S., Erickson, K.M., "Ferroprotin is a manganese responsive protein that decreases manganese cytotoxicity and accumulation" Journal of Neurochemistry 112 (5) 1190-1198 (2010). 7. Oak Ridge National Laboratory "Risk assessment information system toxicity summary for manganese" 04, 23, (2008). 8. Crsosimo, M.G., Koller, W.C., The diagnosics of manganese induced parkinsonims Neurotoxicology (2007). 9. Atlanta, G.A., US Deptt. of Health & Human Services Toxicological Profile for Manganese 6 (2012). 10. Costa M., Toxicity and Carcinogenicity of Cr6+ in Animals Model and Humans. (1997) 11. McCasland, Margaret, "Nitrate: Health Effect in Drinking Water". Water Encyclopedia (2007). 12. Wakida, F.T., "Non agricultural source of groundwater nitrate:" a review and case study. Water Research Vol. 39 No. 1 : 3-16 (2005). 13. Wakida, F.T., "Potential nitrate leaching to groundwater." Hydrological Processes 2077-2081 (2006). 14. Whitford GM., "The physiological and Toxicological Characteristic of fluoride;" J Dental Research: 69 : 539 – 49 (1990). 15. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, "Public Health Service Review of fluoride Risk and Benefits" Washington (1991). 16. Chaturvedi, A.K., Pathak K.C. and Singh V.N. Fluoride removal from water by adsorption on china clay, Appl. Clay. Sci., 3: pp. 337-346 (1998). 17. Czarnowski W., Krechniaki J., Urbanska B., Stolarska K., Taraszewsks-Czunowska M., Murasko-Klaudel., A The impact of water - borne fluoride on bone density Fluoride, 32: pp. 91-95 (1999). 18. Lu, Y., Sun, Z.R., Wu, L.N., Wang, X., Lu, W. and Lru, S. S.S. Effect of high fluoride water on intelligence of children, 33(2) L: pp. 74-78 (2000). 19. Sampat, P., "The hidden threat of ground water pollution" USA Today, 130 (2001). 20. Ramachandraiah C., Right to drinking water in India. Centre for Economic and Social Studies, 56. (2004). 21. Drinking water specification : BIS: 10500, 1992 Reaffirmed (1993).
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References

1. APHA (American Public Health Association) Standard method for examination of Water and wastewater, New York, 20 (1998)
2. WHO (World Health Organisation), International standards for drinking water, Geneva, WHO, (2007).
3. Finch, C.A. Mouson. E.R., Iron Nutrition and the fortification of food with Iron Journal of American medical Association. 219; 1462-65. (1972).
4. International organization for, Standardization water quality determination of Iron. Geneva; (150 6322; 1988) (1988).
5. Bothwell T.H. et. al. Iron metabolism in man. Oxford blackwell, (1979).
6. Yin, Z., Jiang, H., Lee, E.S., Erickson, K.M., "Ferroprotin is a manganese responsive protein that decreases manganese cytotoxicity and accumulation" Journal of Neurochemistry 112 (5) 1190-1198 (2010).
7. Oak Ridge National Laboratory "Risk assessment information system toxicity summary for manganese" 04, 23, (2008).
8. Crsosimo, M.G., Koller, W.C., The diagnosics of manganese induced parkinsonims Neurotoxicology (2007).
9. Atlanta, G.A., US Deptt. of Health & Human Services Toxicological Profile for Manganese 6 (2012).
10. Costa M., Toxicity and Carcinogenicity of Cr6+ in Animals Model and Humans. (1997)
11. McCasland, Margaret, "Nitrate: Health Effect in Drinking Water". Water Encyclopedia (2007).
12. Wakida, F.T., "Non agricultural source of groundwater nitrate:" a review and case study. Water Research Vol. 39 No. 1 : 3-16 (2005).
13. Wakida, F.T., "Potential nitrate leaching to groundwater." Hydrological Processes 2077-2081 (2006).
14. Whitford GM., "The physiological and Toxicological Characteristic of fluoride;" J Dental Research: 69 : 539 – 49 (1990).
15. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, "Public Health Service Review of fluoride Risk and Benefits" Washington (1991).
16. Chaturvedi, A.K., Pathak K.C. and Singh V.N. Fluoride removal from water by adsorption on china clay, Appl. Clay. Sci., 3: pp. 337-346 (1998).
17. Czarnowski W., Krechniaki J., Urbanska B., Stolarska K., Taraszewsks-Czunowska M., Murasko-Klaudel., A The impact of water - borne fluoride on bone density Fluoride, 32: pp. 91-95 (1999).
18. Lu, Y., Sun, Z.R., Wu, L.N., Wang, X., Lu, W. and Lru, S. S.S. Effect of high fluoride water on intelligence of children, 33(2) L: pp. 74-78 (2000).
19. Sampat, P., "The hidden threat of ground water pollution" USA Today, 130 (2001).
20. Ramachandraiah C., Right to drinking water in India. Centre for Economic and Social Studies, 56. (2004).
21. Drinking water specification : BIS: 10500, 1992 Reaffirmed (1993).
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