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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Chemistry

Exceptional UV-visible light driven Photocatalytic activity over BiOI ‒ CeO2 Nanocomposites

K. Rajasulochana
Department of chemistry, Sri S.Ramasamy Naidu Memorial College, Sattur - 626203, Tamilnadu, India.
A. Suganthi
Mother Teresa Women's University, Kodaikanal 624 102, Tamilnadu, India
M. Rajarajan
Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, Tamilnadu, India
Online First: March 26, 2018
| Google Scholar

Abstract

In this work BiOI ‒ CeO2 nanocomposites in three different molar ratios (1%, 3% and 5% of BiOI-CeO2) were synthesized successfully by precipitation–deposition method and its photocatalytic activity towards Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride (CFH) was studied. The physicochemical characteristics of the fabricated BiOI ‒ CeO2 composites were analyzed by UV-Vis-DRS, PL, XRD and SEM with EDAX techniques. The nanocomposite with molar ratio of 3% BiOI ‒ CeO2 photocatalyst possess excellent photocatalytic activity than the nanocomposite with molar ratio 1% BiOI ‒ CeO2, 5% BiOI ‒ CeO2 and the individual components BiOI, CeO2. The band edges of materials were theoretically calculated on the basis of Mulliken electronegativity of atoms. The kinetics of the photodegradation reaction correlated with the pseudo-first-order model. The stability of nanocomposite was examined by recycling the experiments.         

Keyword : BiOI, CeO2, Nanocomposites, photocatalysis

  Submitted
Mar 26, 2018
Published
Mar 26, 2018
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References

1. Z.K. Cui, M. M. Si, Z. Zhang, L.W. Mi, W. J. Fa and H. M. Jia, Preparation and characterization of Ag3PO4/BiOI composites with enhanced visible light driven photocatalytic performance, Catal Commun, 42 (2013)121‒124. 2. Y. J. Chen, G. H. Tian, Y.H. Shi and Y. T. Xiao, Ag/AgCl/Bi2MoO6 composite nanosheets: A plasmonic Z-scheme visible light photocatalyst, Catal. Commun, 59 (2015) 30‒34. 3. Y. J. Chen, G. H. Tian, Y.H. Shi, Y. T. Xiao and H.G. Fu, Hierarchical MoS2/Bi2MoO6 composites with synergistic effect for enhanced visible photocatalytic activity, APP. Catal. B-Environ., 164 (2015) 40‒47. 4. M. L. Zhong, G.Q. Zhang and X. Q. Yang. Preparation of Ti mesh supported WO3/TiO2 nanotubes composite and its application for photocatalytic degradation under visible light, Mater. Lett, 145 (2015) 216‒218. 5. Y.F. Liu, W. Q. Yao and D. Liu, Enhancement of visible light mineralization ability and photocatalytic activity of BiPO4/BiOI, App. Catal. B, 163 (2015) 547‒553. 6. K. Vignesh, R. Priyanka, M. Rajarajan, A. Suganthi, Photoreduction of Cr(VI) in water using Bi2O3-ZrO2 nanocomposite under visible light irradiation. Mater. Sci. Engin. B 178 (2013) 149‒157. 7. K. Vignesh, A. Suganthi, Bong-Ki Min, Misook Kang, Photocatalytic activity of magnetically recoverable MnFe2O4/g-C3N4/TiO2 nanocomposite under simulated solar light irradiation. J. Mole. Catal A: Chem 395 (2014) 373‒383. 8. B. D. Malhotra, A. Kaushik Metal oxide –chitosan based nanocomposite for cholesterol biosensor. Thin solid films, 518 (2009) 614‒620. 9. Q. Xie, Y. Zhao, H. Guo, A. Lu, X. Zhang, L. Wang, M.S. Chen, D.L. Peng. Facile preparation of well dispersed CeO2-ZnO composite hellow microspheres with enhanced catalytic activity for CO oxidation. Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 6 (2014) 421‒428. 10. Primo, T. Marino, A. Corma, R. Molinari, H. Garcia, Efficient visible-light photocatalytic water splitting by minute amounts of gold supported on nanoparticulate CeO2 obtained by a biopolymer templating method, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133 (2011) 6930 ‒ 6933. 11. L. Li, B. Yan, CeO2-Bi2O3 nanocomposite: Two step synthesis, microstructure and photocatalytic activity. J. Non. Cryst. Solids. 355 (2009) 776-779. 12. Md. T. Uddin, Y. Nicolas, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, L. Servant, M.M. Muller, H-J. Kleebe, J. Ziegler, W. Jaegermann, Nanostructured SnO2–ZnO Heterojunction photocatalysts showing enhanced photocatalytic activity for the degradation of organic dyes, Inorg. Chem. 51 (2012) 7764–7773. 13. C. Sun, L. Liu, L. Qi, H. Li, H. Zhang, C. Li, F. Gao, L. Dang, Efficient fabrication of ZrO2-doped TiO2 hollow nanospheres with enhanced photocatalytic activity of rhodamine B degradation, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 364 (2011) 288-297. 14. G.P. Dai, J. G. Yu, G. Liu, Synthesis and enhanced visible light photoeletrocatalytic activity of P-N junction BiOI/TiO2 nanotube arrys. J. Phys. Chem.C 115 (2011) 7339-7346. 15. J. Cao, B. Xu, H. Lin, B. Luo, S. Chen, Novel heterostructured Bi2S3/BiOI photocatalyst: Facile preparation, Characterization and visible light photocatalytic performance. Dalton Trans. 41 (2012) 11482-11490. 16. L. Chen, S. F. Yin, S. L. Luo, R. Huang, Q. Zhang, T. Hong, P. C. T. Au, Bi2O2CO3/BiOIphotocatalysts with heterojunction highly efficient for visible –light treatment of dye –containing waste water. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 51 (2012) 6760‒6768. 17. K. Vignesh, A. Suganthi, B. K. Min, M.Kang, Fabrication of meso-porous BiOI sensitized zirconia nanoparticles with enhanced photocatalytic activity under simulated solar light irradiation. Appl. Surf. Sci. 274 (2015) 652‒661. 18. Y. Li, J. Wang, H. Yao, L. Dang, Z. Li, Chemical etching preparation of BiOI/Bi2O3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activities, Catal. Commu. 7 (2011) 660-664. 19. H. F. Cheng, B. B. Huang, Y. Dai, X. Y. Qin, X. Y. Zhang, One step synthesis of the nanostructured AgI/BiOI composites with highly enhanced visible- light photocatalytic performance. Langmuir 26 (2010) 6618-6624. 20. J. Jiang, X. Zhang, P. B. Sun, L. Z. Zhang, ZnO/BiOI heterostructure: Photoinduced charge –transfer property and enhanced visible light photcatalytic activity. J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011) 20555-20564. 21. H. Q. Li, Y. M. Cui, W. S. Hong, High photocatalytic performance of BiOI/Bi2WO6 towards toluene and reactive brilliant red. Appl. Surf. Sci. 264 (2013) 581-588 22. K. Vignesh, A. Suganthi, M. Rajarajan, R. Sakthivadivel. Visible light assisted photodecolorization of eosin -Y in aqueous solution using hesperidin modified TiO2 nanoparticles. Appl. Surf. Sci. 258 (2012) 4592‒45600. 23. K. H. Reddy, S. Martha, K. M. Parida, Facile fabrication of BiO2/Bi-NaqTaO2 photocatalyst for hydrogen generation under visible light irradiation. RSC Adv. 2 (2012) 9423‒9436. 24. Z. Bian, J. Zhu, S. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Qian, H. Li, Self-Assembly of Active Bi2O3/TiO2Visible Photocatalyst with Ordered Mesoporous Structure and Highly Crystallized Anatase, J. Phys. Chem C. 112 (2008) 6258‒6262. 25. K. Vignesh, M. Rajarajan, A. Suganthi, Visible light assisted photocatalytic performance of Ni and Th co-doped ZnO nanoparticles for the degradation of methylene blue dye, J. Indus. Engi. Chem. 20 (2014) 3826‒3833. 26. L. Chen, S.-F. Yin, S.-L. Luo, R. Huang, Q. Zhang, T. Hong and Peter C.T. Au, Bi2O2CO3/BiOI Photocatalysts with heterojunctions highly efficient for visible-light treatment of dye-containing wastewater, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2012, 51, 6760−6768. 27. Q. C. Xu, D. V. Wellia, Y. H. Ng, R. Amal, T. T. Y. Tan, Synthesis of porous and visible-light absorbing Bi2WO6/TiO2 heterojunction film with improved photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic performances. J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011) 7419‒7428. 28. L. Bergman, X. B. Chen, J. L. Morrison, J. Huso, A. P. Purdy, Photoluminescence dynamics in ensembles of wide band gap nanocrystallites and powder. J. Appl. Phys. 96 (2004) 675‒682. 29. S. Shenawi-Khalil, V. Uvarov, S. Fronton, I. Popov, Y. Sasson, A novel class of heterojunction photocatalyst with highly enhanced visible light photocatalytic performances: yBiO(ClxBr1-x)‒(1‒y) bismuth oxide hydrate.Appl.Catal.B117‒118 (2012) 148‒155. 30. M. Nasir, S. Bagwasi, Y. Jiao, F. Chen, B. Tian, J. Zhang, Characterization and activity of the Ce and N co-doped TiO2 prepared through hydrothermal methodChem. Eng. J. 236 (2014) 388–397. 31. J. Sun, Y. Yuan, L. Qiu, X. Jiang, A. Xie, Y. Shen, J. Zhu, Fabrication of composite photocatalyst g-C3N4‒ZnO and enhancement of photoctalytic activity under visible light. Dalton Trans 41 (2012) 6756‒6763. 32. L. Jia, D. H. Wang, Y. X. Huang, A. W. Xu, H. Q. Yu, Highly durable Z-doped grapheme/CdS heterostructure with enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from water under visible light irradiation. J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011) 11466‒11473. 33. L. Zheng, Y. Zheng, C. Chen, Y. Zhan, X. Lin, Q. Zheng, K. Wei, Zhu, Network-structured SnO2/ZnO heterojunction nanocatalysts with high photocatalytic activity. J. Inorg. Chem. 48 (2009) 1819−1825. 34. L. Ge. C. Han, Liu, J. Appl. Novel visible light-induced g-C3N4/Bi2WO6 composite photocatalysts for efficient degradation of methyl orange. Catal.B: Environ.108-109 (2011) 100‒107.
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References

1. Z.K. Cui, M. M. Si, Z. Zhang, L.W. Mi, W. J. Fa and H. M. Jia, Preparation and characterization of Ag3PO4/BiOI composites with enhanced visible light driven photocatalytic performance, Catal Commun, 42 (2013)121‒124.
2. Y. J. Chen, G. H. Tian, Y.H. Shi and Y. T. Xiao, Ag/AgCl/Bi2MoO6 composite nanosheets: A plasmonic Z-scheme visible light photocatalyst, Catal. Commun, 59 (2015) 30‒34.
3. Y. J. Chen, G. H. Tian, Y.H. Shi, Y. T. Xiao and H.G. Fu, Hierarchical MoS2/Bi2MoO6 composites with synergistic effect for enhanced visible photocatalytic activity, APP. Catal. B-Environ., 164 (2015) 40‒47.
4. M. L. Zhong, G.Q. Zhang and X. Q. Yang. Preparation of Ti mesh supported WO3/TiO2 nanotubes composite and its application for photocatalytic degradation under visible light, Mater. Lett, 145 (2015) 216‒218.
5. Y.F. Liu, W. Q. Yao and D. Liu, Enhancement of visible light mineralization ability and photocatalytic activity of BiPO4/BiOI, App. Catal. B, 163 (2015) 547‒553.
6. K. Vignesh, R. Priyanka, M. Rajarajan, A. Suganthi, Photoreduction of Cr(VI) in water using Bi2O3-ZrO2 nanocomposite under visible light irradiation. Mater. Sci. Engin. B 178 (2013) 149‒157.
7. K. Vignesh, A. Suganthi, Bong-Ki Min, Misook Kang, Photocatalytic activity of magnetically recoverable MnFe2O4/g-C3N4/TiO2 nanocomposite under simulated solar light irradiation. J. Mole. Catal A: Chem 395 (2014) 373‒383.
8. B. D. Malhotra, A. Kaushik Metal oxide –chitosan based nanocomposite for cholesterol biosensor. Thin solid films, 518 (2009) 614‒620.
9. Q. Xie, Y. Zhao, H. Guo, A. Lu, X. Zhang, L. Wang, M.S. Chen, D.L. Peng. Facile preparation of well dispersed CeO2-ZnO composite hellow microspheres with enhanced catalytic activity for CO oxidation. Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 6 (2014) 421‒428.
10. Primo, T. Marino, A. Corma, R. Molinari, H. Garcia, Efficient visible-light photocatalytic water splitting by minute amounts of gold supported on nanoparticulate CeO2 obtained by a biopolymer templating method, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133 (2011) 6930 ‒ 6933.
11. L. Li, B. Yan, CeO2-Bi2O3 nanocomposite: Two step synthesis, microstructure and photocatalytic activity. J. Non. Cryst. Solids. 355 (2009) 776-779.
12. Md. T. Uddin, Y. Nicolas, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, L. Servant, M.M. Muller, H-J. Kleebe, J. Ziegler, W. Jaegermann, Nanostructured SnO2–ZnO Heterojunction photocatalysts showing enhanced photocatalytic activity for the degradation of organic dyes, Inorg. Chem. 51 (2012) 7764–7773.
13. C. Sun, L. Liu, L. Qi, H. Li, H. Zhang, C. Li, F. Gao, L. Dang, Efficient fabrication of ZrO2-doped TiO2 hollow nanospheres with enhanced photocatalytic activity of rhodamine B degradation, J. Coll. Inter. Sci. 364 (2011) 288-297.
14. G.P. Dai, J. G. Yu, G. Liu, Synthesis and enhanced visible light photoeletrocatalytic activity of P-N junction BiOI/TiO2 nanotube arrys. J. Phys. Chem.C 115 (2011) 7339-7346.
15. J. Cao, B. Xu, H. Lin, B. Luo, S. Chen, Novel heterostructured Bi2S3/BiOI photocatalyst: Facile preparation, Characterization and visible light photocatalytic performance. Dalton Trans. 41 (2012) 11482-11490.
16. L. Chen, S. F. Yin, S. L. Luo, R. Huang, Q. Zhang, T. Hong, P. C. T. Au, Bi2O2CO3/BiOIphotocatalysts with heterojunction highly efficient for visible –light treatment of dye –containing waste water. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 51 (2012) 6760‒6768.
17. K. Vignesh, A. Suganthi, B. K. Min, M.Kang, Fabrication of meso-porous BiOI sensitized zirconia nanoparticles with enhanced photocatalytic activity under simulated solar light irradiation. Appl. Surf. Sci. 274 (2015) 652‒661.
18. Y. Li, J. Wang, H. Yao, L. Dang, Z. Li, Chemical etching preparation of BiOI/Bi2O3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activities, Catal. Commu. 7 (2011) 660-664.
19. H. F. Cheng, B. B. Huang, Y. Dai, X. Y. Qin, X. Y. Zhang, One step synthesis of the nanostructured AgI/BiOI composites with highly enhanced visible- light photocatalytic performance. Langmuir 26 (2010) 6618-6624.
20. J. Jiang, X. Zhang, P. B. Sun, L. Z. Zhang, ZnO/BiOI heterostructure: Photoinduced charge –transfer property and enhanced visible light photcatalytic activity. J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011) 20555-20564.
21. H. Q. Li, Y. M. Cui, W. S. Hong, High photocatalytic performance of BiOI/Bi2WO6 towards toluene and reactive brilliant red. Appl. Surf. Sci. 264 (2013) 581-588
22. K. Vignesh, A. Suganthi, M. Rajarajan, R. Sakthivadivel. Visible light assisted photodecolorization of eosin -Y in aqueous solution using hesperidin modified TiO2 nanoparticles. Appl. Surf. Sci. 258 (2012) 4592‒45600.
23. K. H. Reddy, S. Martha, K. M. Parida, Facile fabrication of BiO2/Bi-NaqTaO2 photocatalyst for hydrogen generation under visible light irradiation. RSC Adv. 2 (2012) 9423‒9436.
24. Z. Bian, J. Zhu, S. Wang, Y. Cao, X. Qian, H. Li, Self-Assembly of Active Bi2O3/TiO2Visible Photocatalyst with Ordered Mesoporous Structure and Highly Crystallized Anatase, J. Phys. Chem C. 112 (2008) 6258‒6262.
25. K. Vignesh, M. Rajarajan, A. Suganthi, Visible light assisted photocatalytic performance of Ni and Th co-doped ZnO nanoparticles for the degradation of methylene blue dye, J. Indus. Engi. Chem. 20 (2014) 3826‒3833.
26. L. Chen, S.-F. Yin, S.-L. Luo, R. Huang, Q. Zhang, T. Hong and Peter C.T. Au, Bi2O2CO3/BiOI Photocatalysts with heterojunctions highly efficient for visible-light treatment of dye-containing wastewater, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2012, 51, 6760−6768.
27. Q. C. Xu, D. V. Wellia, Y. H. Ng, R. Amal, T. T. Y. Tan, Synthesis of porous and visible-light absorbing Bi2WO6/TiO2 heterojunction film with improved photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic performances. J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011) 7419‒7428.
28. L. Bergman, X. B. Chen, J. L. Morrison, J. Huso, A. P. Purdy, Photoluminescence dynamics in ensembles of wide band gap nanocrystallites and powder. J. Appl. Phys. 96 (2004) 675‒682.
29. S. Shenawi-Khalil, V. Uvarov, S. Fronton, I. Popov, Y. Sasson, A novel class of heterojunction photocatalyst with highly enhanced visible light photocatalytic performances: yBiO(ClxBr1-x)‒(1‒y) bismuth oxide hydrate.Appl.Catal.B117‒118 (2012) 148‒155.
30. M. Nasir, S. Bagwasi, Y. Jiao, F. Chen, B. Tian, J. Zhang, Characterization and activity of the Ce and N co-doped TiO2 prepared through hydrothermal methodChem. Eng. J. 236 (2014) 388–397.
31. J. Sun, Y. Yuan, L. Qiu, X. Jiang, A. Xie, Y. Shen, J. Zhu, Fabrication of composite photocatalyst g-C3N4‒ZnO and enhancement of photoctalytic activity under visible light. Dalton Trans 41 (2012) 6756‒6763.
32. L. Jia, D. H. Wang, Y. X. Huang, A. W. Xu, H. Q. Yu, Highly durable Z-doped grapheme/CdS heterostructure with enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from water under visible light irradiation. J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011) 11466‒11473.
33. L. Zheng, Y. Zheng, C. Chen, Y. Zhan, X. Lin, Q. Zheng, K. Wei, Zhu, Network-structured SnO2/ZnO heterojunction nanocatalysts with high photocatalytic activity. J. Inorg. Chem. 48 (2009) 1819−1825.
34. L. Ge. C. Han, Liu, J. Appl. Novel visible light-induced g-C3N4/Bi2WO6 composite photocatalysts for efficient degradation of methyl orange. Catal.B: Environ.108-109 (2011) 100‒107.
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