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As India’s population has tripled since 1950, water demand has climbed to where it may now be double the sustainable yield of the country’s aquatic resources. As a result, water tables are falling down all over the country and wells are running dry in thousands of villages. Tamil Nadu is one among the worst water-deficit states in India. The indiscriminate sand mining in Tamil Nadu has reached a critical level affecting even the ecological equilibrium. The pollution load on rivers has increased over the years due to rapid urbanization and industrialization. The present study was conducted for the enumeration of socio-economic, socio-environmental, religious beliefs and ecological imbalances and its impacts on the livelihoods at the banks of river Tamiraparani.
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