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Nucleic acids have change biomedical research and become essential research tools. Nucleic acid molecules are useful in a variety of biochemical, diagnostic, and therapeutic applications. Gene therapy is a technique used to correct defective genes which are responsible for disease development. Gene therapy involves the transference of new genetic material to the cell for obtaining a therapeutic benefit, which offers new option for the treatment of various diseases. Nucleic acid-based molecules (deoxyribonucleic acid, complementary deoxyribonucleic acid, complete genes, ribonucleic acid, and oligonucleotides) are used as research tools within the gene therapy and in molecular medicine
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