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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Engineering and Technology

Study of Mechanical Properties of Sintered CuZn30 (Brass) - MWCNT Composite Fabricated By Powder Metallurgy.

1Prof.S.A. Deshmukh, 2Dhavale Priyanka S, Kokate Priyanka M.
1Mechanical Engineering, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, JCOE, Kuran, Junnar, Dist -Pune, Maharashtra, India 2,3Student of Mechanical Engineering, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, JCOE, Kuran, Junnar, Dist -Pune, Maharashtra, India *Jaihind College of Engineering
Online First: February 15, 2018
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Abstract

The number of engineering application in industry demands need light weight, good mechanical properties of material such as aerospace, automotive industry. Day by day selection of material with good mechanical property is the pin point for material selection, hence because it’s high stiffness CNT are considered for widely used reinforcement of material in metal matrix Composite. These work summaries the research work carried out in the field of carbon nanotube (CNT) metal reinforcement for composite material. However, CNT-reinforced CuZn30 (Brass) has received the least attention, so that this work also explore more data regarding CNT reinforced CuZn30 (Brass). The main objective of this project is to fabricate and study the mechanical as well as Tribological properties of CuZn30-MWCNT composite. Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) reinforced CuZn30 Nano composites are fabricated by mechanical alloying and powder metallurgy technique. The reinforcement material MWCNTs are blended in three weight fractions (0.33%, 0.66%, and 0.99%) with the matrix material CuZn30 (Cu- 70%, Zn-30%) and blended through mechanical alloying using a high energy planetary ball mill. Specimens of CuZn30 and CuZn30-MWCNT composites are fabricated through powder metallurgy technique. After fabrication of CuZn30-MWCNT it is sintered to arranged CNT in unidirectional. The microstructure, density, hardness, porosity, and wear properties of CuZn30 and CuZn30-MWCNT Nano composites are characterized and compared with pure CuZn30 composite for the effect of addition of MWCNT.

Keyword : CuZn30 (Brass), MWCNT, PM, Mechanical Properties

  Submitted
Feb 15, 2018
Published
Feb 15, 2018
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References

1. Saeed Hariri, ―Investigation on production and mechanical characteristics of copper-matrix Nano- composites strengthened with carbon nanotubes through metallurgy of powder‖, Bulletin Of The Georgian National Academy Of SCIENCES , vols. 8, no. 1, 2014. 2. Gehad Goudah, Faiz Ahmad, O. Mamat, Microstructural Studies of Sintered Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Copper Matrix Composite‖, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 5, No. 3 (2010) 272 – 283 © School of Engineering, Taylor’s University College. 3. Z. Sadeghian, D. Pourjafar, M. Alehoseini, Evaluation of Cu- CNT nanocomposite fabricated by powder metallurgy‖, Sci. of Sint., 42 (2010). 4. Anurag Singh, ―Processing, Characterization And Sliding Wear Behavior Of Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Epoxy Matrix Composite‖, Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology, Rourkela Odisha, India – 769008, June 2014. 5. A. A. S. Parab, B. S. K. Gade, C. G. V. Lavate, D. Dr. K. N. Patil, ―Fabrication of Copper (Cu)-Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) Composite by powder injection route‖, Institute Of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad – 382 481, 08-10 DECEMBER, 2011 6. Biliyar N. Bhat, ―Copper-Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes And Copper-Diamond Composites For Advanced Rocket Engines‖, NASA Marshall Space Flight Cente. 2010. 7. Maneet Lal, R. B. Mathur, S. K. Singhal, Indu Sharma, ―An alternative improved method for the homogeneous dispersion of CNTs in Cu matrix for the fabrication of Cu/CNTs composites‖, Appl Nanosci (2013) 3:29–35. 8. Dong H. Nam, Seung I. Cha, Byung K. Lim, Hoon M. Park, Soon H. Hong, Do S. Han, ―Synergistic strengthening by load transfer mechanism and grain refinement of CNT/Al–Cu composites‖, Saiverses Science Direct, 27 January 2012. 9. Ping-Chi Tsai, Yeau-Ren Jeng, ―Experimental and numerical investigation into the effect of carbon nanotube buckling on the reinforcement of CNT/Cu composites‖, Composites Science and Technology, 2013. 10. P. Jenei, J. Gubicza, E.Y. Yoon, H.S. Kim, J.L. Lábár, ―High temperature thermal stability of pure copper and copper–carbon nanotube composites consolidated by High Pressure Torsion‖, Composites: Part A, 2013. 11. Xiang Long, ―Numerical Study On Reinforcement Mechanism Of Copper/Carbon Nanotubes Composite‖, Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering in the College of Engineering and Computer science at the University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida, 2005. 12. Ali Samer Muhsan, Faiz Ahmad, Norani Muti Mohamed, and M. Rafi Raza, ―Flow Behavior of Cu/CNTs Feedstocks for Powder Injection Molding‖, International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Vol. 1, No. 3, November 2011. 13. S. R. Bakshi, D. Lahiri and A. Agarwal, ―Carbon nanotube reinforced metal matrix composites – a review‖, Minerals and Mining and ASM InternationalPublished by Maney for the Institute and ASM International, 2010. 14. M.A. Maleque and U. Abdullahi, ―Materials And Processing Route For Aircraft Brake System‖, International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (IJMME), Vol. 8 (2013), No. 1, Pages: 14-20. 15. S. Kumari, A. Kumar, P. R. Sengupta, P. K. Dutta, R. B. Mathur, ― mproving the mechanical and thermal properties of semi-coke based carbon/copper composites reinforced using carbon nanotubes‖, ADVANCED MATERIALS Letters ,Published online by the VBRI press in 2014. 16. Riccardo Casati and Maurizio Vedani, ―Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced by Nano-Particles—A Review‖ , Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano, Italy, 2014. 17. Hisashi Imai, Katsuyoshi Kondoh, Shufeng Li, Junko Umeda, Bunshi Fugetsu and Makoto Takahashi, ―Microstructural and Electrical Properties of Copper•Titanium Alloy Dispersed with Carbon Nanotubes via Powder Metallurgy Process‖ , Materials Transactions, Vol. 55, No. 3 (2014) pp. 522 to 527 © 2014 Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, 2014. 18. Manjunatha L.H, P. Dinesh, ―Fabrication and Properties of dispersed carbon nanotube–Al6061 composites‖, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology , Vol. 2, Issue 2, February 2013 19. Tadayuki Tsutsui, ―Resent Technology of Powder Metallurgy and Applications‖, Hitachi Chemical Technical report No. 54. 20. Rajesh Purohit, Kuldeep Purohit, Saraswati Rana, R. S. Rana and Vivek Patel, ―Carbon Nanotubes and Their Growth Methods‖, 3rd International Conference on Materials Processing and Characterisation (ICMPC 2014).
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References

1. Saeed Hariri, ―Investigation on production and mechanical characteristics of copper-matrix Nano- composites strengthened with carbon nanotubes through metallurgy of powder‖, Bulletin Of The Georgian National Academy Of SCIENCES , vols. 8, no. 1, 2014.
2. Gehad Goudah, Faiz Ahmad, O. Mamat, Microstructural Studies of Sintered Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Copper Matrix Composite‖, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 5, No. 3 (2010) 272 – 283 © School of Engineering, Taylor’s University College.
3. Z. Sadeghian, D. Pourjafar, M. Alehoseini, Evaluation of Cu- CNT nanocomposite fabricated by powder metallurgy‖, Sci. of Sint., 42 (2010).
4. Anurag Singh, ―Processing, Characterization And Sliding Wear Behavior Of Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Epoxy Matrix Composite‖, Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology, Rourkela Odisha, India – 769008, June 2014.
5. A. A. S. Parab, B. S. K. Gade, C. G. V. Lavate, D. Dr. K. N. Patil, ―Fabrication of Copper (Cu)-Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) Composite by powder injection route‖, Institute Of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad – 382 481, 08-10 DECEMBER, 2011
6. Biliyar N. Bhat, ―Copper-Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes And Copper-Diamond Composites For Advanced Rocket Engines‖, NASA Marshall Space Flight Cente. 2010.
7. Maneet Lal, R. B. Mathur, S. K. Singhal, Indu Sharma, ―An alternative improved method for the homogeneous dispersion of CNTs in Cu matrix for the fabrication of Cu/CNTs composites‖, Appl Nanosci (2013) 3:29–35.
8. Dong H. Nam, Seung I. Cha, Byung K. Lim, Hoon M. Park, Soon H. Hong, Do S. Han, ―Synergistic strengthening by load transfer mechanism and grain refinement of CNT/Al–Cu composites‖, Saiverses Science Direct, 27 January 2012.
9. Ping-Chi Tsai, Yeau-Ren Jeng, ―Experimental and numerical investigation into the effect of carbon nanotube buckling on the reinforcement of CNT/Cu composites‖, Composites Science and Technology, 2013.
10. P. Jenei, J. Gubicza, E.Y. Yoon, H.S. Kim, J.L. Lábár, ―High temperature thermal stability of pure copper and copper–carbon nanotube composites consolidated by High Pressure Torsion‖, Composites: Part A, 2013.
11. Xiang Long, ―Numerical Study On Reinforcement Mechanism Of Copper/Carbon Nanotubes Composite‖, Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering in the College of Engineering and Computer science at the University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida, 2005.
12. Ali Samer Muhsan, Faiz Ahmad, Norani Muti Mohamed, and M. Rafi Raza, ―Flow Behavior of Cu/CNTs Feedstocks for Powder Injection Molding‖, International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Vol. 1, No. 3, November 2011.
13. S. R. Bakshi, D. Lahiri and A. Agarwal, ―Carbon nanotube reinforced metal matrix composites – a review‖, Minerals and Mining and ASM InternationalPublished by Maney for the Institute and ASM International, 2010.
14. M.A. Maleque and U. Abdullahi, ―Materials And Processing Route For Aircraft Brake System‖, International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (IJMME), Vol. 8 (2013), No. 1, Pages: 14-20.
15. S. Kumari, A. Kumar, P. R. Sengupta, P. K. Dutta, R. B. Mathur, ― mproving the mechanical and thermal properties of semi-coke based carbon/copper composites reinforced using carbon nanotubes‖, ADVANCED MATERIALS Letters ,Published online by the VBRI press in 2014.
16. Riccardo Casati and Maurizio Vedani, ―Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced by Nano-Particles—A Review‖ , Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano, Italy, 2014.
17. Hisashi Imai, Katsuyoshi Kondoh, Shufeng Li, Junko Umeda, Bunshi Fugetsu and Makoto Takahashi,
―Microstructural and Electrical Properties of Copper•Titanium Alloy Dispersed with Carbon Nanotubes via Powder Metallurgy Process‖ , Materials Transactions, Vol. 55, No. 3 (2014) pp. 522 to 527 © 2014 Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, 2014.
18. Manjunatha L.H, P. Dinesh, ―Fabrication and Properties of dispersed carbon nanotube–Al6061 composites‖, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology , Vol. 2, Issue 2, February 2013
19. Tadayuki Tsutsui, ―Resent Technology of Powder Metallurgy and Applications‖, Hitachi Chemical Technical report No. 54.
20. Rajesh Purohit, Kuldeep Purohit, Saraswati Rana, R. S. Rana and Vivek Patel, ―Carbon Nanotubes and Their Growth Methods‖, 3rd International Conference on Materials Processing and Characterisation (ICMPC 2014).
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