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MGNREGA and its Impact on Women Empowerment: Evidence from KBK Region of Odisha

Dr Rebati Naik
Guest Faculty, Panchayat Degree College, Bargarh (Odisha). Email: rebati-naik@hotmail.com
Online First: February 10, 2018
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Abstract

This paper attempts to examine the different women friendly provisions of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and to what extent it helps to empower the rural women in KBK region (undivided Kalahandi, Bolangir and Koraput) of Odisha. MGNREGA has several women friendly provisions that are attractive for empowering women and laying the basis for economic independence in the society. The Act provides greater scope for women’s participation in planning and monitoring process. The scheme also mandates minimum one third of women’s participation in workforce, guaranteed wage employment with equal wage to men & women, women friendly environment by providing child care facilities at worksite. The convenient time schedule of social audit forum encouraged the workers participation, especially women and marginalised communities. The degree of awareness on right and entitlement of the Act and fuller participation in MGNREGA process play vital role to induce women empowerment. Despite important women friendly provisions in MGNREGA, there are various factors which affect the women empowerment through the scheme. The finding of the study observed that MGNREGA in some extent helped to empower the rural women for shaping their socio-economic independence in the households in the KBK region of Odisha.

Keyword : MGNREGA, Social Audit, Women empowerment, Worksite facilities.

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Feb 10, 2018
Published
Feb 10, 2018
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References

1. Adhikari , Anindita and Kartika Bhatia (2010). NREGA Wage Payments: Can we Bank on the Banks? Economic and Political Weekly, January 2, 2010 , Vol XLV No1 2. Census of India, 2011. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India,Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 3. Das, Dinesh (2012), Examining India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA): Its Impact and Women’s Participation, International Journal of Research in Management, Vol.6, Issue 2. 4. Dasgupta , Sukti and Ratna M Sudarshan (2011). Issue in Labour Market Inequality and Women’s Participation in India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme, International Labour Office, Geneva-ILO (working paper No.98). 5. De Haan, Arjan and Amresh Dubey (2005). Poverty, Disparities or the Development of Under Development in Orissa, Economic and Political Weekly, May 28- June 4 6. Dreze , Jean and Reetika Khera (2009). The Battlement for Employment Guarantee, Frontline, Volume 26, Issue 01, January 03-16, 2009. 7. Economic Survey (2011-12). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Planning and Coordination Department, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar, February-2012. 8. ISWSD (2008). Impact of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme on the Living and Working Condition of Women in Rural India, Indian School of Women Studies Development, New Delhi. 9. Jandu, N (2008). Employment Guarantee and Women’s Participation in Rural India, National Federation of Indian Women. 10. Khera ,Reetika and Nandini Nayak (2009). Women Workers and Perceptions of the National Rural Employment Gurantee Act, Economic and Political Weekly, October 24, Vol XLIV No 43. 11. Kelker , Govind ( 2009). Gender Pathways out of Poverty Rural Employment, Paper presented at the FAO-IFAD-ILO Workshop , Rome ,31 March-2 April 2009. 12. Mukherjee, Diganta and Udaya Bhanu Sinha (2011). Understanding NREGA: A Simple Theory and Some Facts, Centre for Development of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, 13. Narayanan, Sudha (2008). Employment Guarantee, Women’s Work and Childcare, Economic and Political Weekly, March 1, 14. National Federation of Indian Women (2008).A study on Socio-economic Empowerment of Women under National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), August, 2008. 15. Pankaj, Ashok and Rukhmini Tankha (2010). Empowerment Effects of the NREGS on Women Workers: A Study in four States, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol XLV No 30. 16. Roy, Rahul and Deepak Mehta (2009). Men, Gender Equality and Policy Response in India: An exploration, Centre for Health and Social Justice on behalf of SAHAYOG. 17. Orissa Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (OREGS) 2006, Panchayati Raj Department, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar. 18. Official website of NREGA (www.nrega.nic.in), Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. 19. World Bank, 2012, World Bank Development Report 2012, Gender Equality and Development , Washington, World Bank. 20. Xavier, G and G .Mari (2014). Impact of MGNREGA on Women Empowerment with special reference to Kalakkanmoi Panchayat in Sivgangai District, Tamil Nadu, SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies (SSRG-IJEMS)- Volume 1, August 2014
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References

1. Adhikari , Anindita and Kartika Bhatia (2010). NREGA Wage Payments: Can we Bank on the Banks? Economic and Political Weekly, January 2, 2010 , Vol XLV No1
2. Census of India, 2011. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India,Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
3. Das, Dinesh (2012), Examining India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA): Its Impact and Women’s Participation, International Journal of Research in Management, Vol.6, Issue 2.
4. Dasgupta , Sukti and Ratna M Sudarshan (2011). Issue in Labour Market Inequality and Women’s Participation in India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme, International Labour Office, Geneva-ILO (working paper No.98).
5. De Haan, Arjan and Amresh Dubey (2005). Poverty, Disparities or the Development of Under Development in Orissa, Economic and Political Weekly, May 28- June 4
6. Dreze , Jean and Reetika Khera (2009). The Battlement for Employment Guarantee, Frontline, Volume 26, Issue 01, January 03-16, 2009.
7. Economic Survey (2011-12). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Planning and Coordination Department, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar, February-2012.
8. ISWSD (2008). Impact of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme on the Living and Working Condition of Women in Rural India, Indian School of Women Studies Development, New Delhi.
9. Jandu, N (2008). Employment Guarantee and Women’s Participation in Rural India, National Federation of Indian Women.
10. Khera ,Reetika and Nandini Nayak (2009). Women Workers and Perceptions of the National Rural Employment Gurantee Act, Economic and Political Weekly, October 24, Vol XLIV No 43.
11. Kelker , Govind ( 2009). Gender Pathways out of Poverty Rural Employment, Paper presented at the FAO-IFAD-ILO Workshop , Rome ,31 March-2 April 2009.
12. Mukherjee, Diganta and Udaya Bhanu Sinha (2011). Understanding NREGA: A Simple Theory and Some Facts, Centre for Development of Economics, Delhi School of Economics,
13. Narayanan, Sudha (2008). Employment Guarantee, Women’s Work and Childcare, Economic and Political Weekly, March 1,
14. National Federation of Indian Women (2008).A study on Socio-economic Empowerment of Women under National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), August, 2008.
15. Pankaj, Ashok and Rukhmini Tankha (2010). Empowerment Effects of the NREGS on Women Workers: A Study in four States, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol XLV No 30.
16. Roy, Rahul and Deepak Mehta (2009). Men, Gender Equality and Policy Response in India: An exploration, Centre for Health and Social Justice on behalf of SAHAYOG.
17. Orissa Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (OREGS) 2006, Panchayati Raj Department, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar.
18. Official website of NREGA (www.nrega.nic.in), Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India.
19. World Bank, 2012, World Bank Development Report 2012, Gender Equality and Development , Washington, World Bank.
20. Xavier, G and G .Mari (2014). Impact of MGNREGA on Women Empowerment with special reference to Kalakkanmoi Panchayat in Sivgangai District, Tamil Nadu, SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies (SSRG-IJEMS)- Volume 1, August 2014
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