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Current Trends in Science and Technology

an Open Access Publication ISSN: 0976-9730 | 0976-9498

Chemistry

Photochemical Interaction of Photo sensitizer for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage in Electrical Energy

Mahesh Chandra
Department of Chemistry,Deshbandhu College,New Dehli-110019[INDIA] E-mail: drmahesh100@gmail.com
Online First: January 25, 2018
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Abstract

Photo sensitizer used for solar energy conversion and storage: The conversion of solar energy on the basis of photo galvanic effect in solar cell. Photo galvanic effect has been studied in system that contains photo sensitizer and as reducing agent. The current-voltage relations of the cell have been measured in the dark and light under both forward and reverse bases. The photo potential and photocurrent generated were 1000.0 mV and 220A, respectively. The experimental conversion efficiency was 0.1229% and the maximum power of cell was 82.20W. The storage capacity of the cell was 82.0 minutes in dark. The effect of different parameters on electrical output of the solar cell was observed and the conversion of solar energy in photo galvanic cells.a mechanism has also been proposed for

Keyword : Photo potential, Photocurrent, Fill factor, Conversion efficiency, Power point, Storage Capacity.

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Jan 24, 2018
Published
Jan 25, 2018
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References

1. Becquerel E, Studies of the effect of actinic radiation of sunlight by means of electrical currents. C.R. Acad.Sci.Paris., 9,145–159 (1839a) 2. Becquerel E,On electric effects under the influence of solar radiation. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris. , 9,561 (1839b) 3. Alanso V N, Belay M, Chartier P, Ern V, Rev. Phys. Appl.,16, 5 (1981) 4. Jan a A K, Bhowmik B B, Enhancement in power output of solar cells consisting of mixed dyes. J. Photochem.Photobiol, 122A, 53 (1999) 5. Hara K, Kurashige M, Dan-oh Y, Kasada C, Shinpo A, Suga S, Sayama K, Arakawa H, Design of new coumarin dyes having thiophene moieties for highly efficient organic dye- sensitized solar cells. New J. Chem., 27,783–785 (2003) 6. Ameta S C, Ameta R, Seth S, Dubey T D,Studies in the use of toluidine bluenitrilotriacetic acid (TB-NTA) system in photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion. Afinidad. XLV, 264–266 (1998) 7. Ameta S C, Khamesare S, Ameta R,Bala M, Use of micelles in photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion and storage: AzurA-KI system. Int.J. Energy Res, 14,163–167 (1990) 8. Ameta S C, Punjabi P B, Vardia J, Madhwani S, Chaudhary S, Use of Bromophenol Red–EDTA system for generation of electricity in a photogalvanic cell. J. Power Sources. 159,747–751 (2006) 9. Madhwani S, Ameta R, Vardia J, Punjabi P B, Sharma V K, Use of Fluoroscein-EDTA System in Photogalvanic Cell for Solar Energy Conversion. Energy sources, 29,721-729 (2007) 10. Bohrmann-Linde C, Tausch M W, Photogalvanic cells for classroom investigations- A contribution for the ongoing curriculum modernization. J. Chem. Educ., 80, 1471–1473 (2003) 11. Monat J E,McCusker J K, Femtosecond excited-state dynamics of an Iron (II) polypyridyl solar cell sensitizer model. J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 122, 4092–4097 (2000) 12. Schwarzburg K, Willig F, Origin of Photovoltage and Photocurrent in the Nanoporous Dye- Sensitized Electrochemical Solar Cell. J. Phys. Chem., 103B, 5743 (1999) 13. Tennakone K, Kumara GR R A, Dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical and solid-state solar cells: Charge separation, transport and recombination mechanisms. J. Photochem.Photobiol, 117A, 137 (1998) 14. Yadav Sushil, Yadav R D, Singh Gautam, Use of Dyes in Photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion and storage: Bismarck Brown and Ascorbic Acid System. Int. J. Chem. Sci., 6 (4), 1960-1966 (2008) 15. Meena R C, Gautam Singh, Gangotri K M, Role of reductants and photosensitizer in Solar Energy Conversion and Storage: Photogalvanic cells a newer approach. Afinidad, 59 (501), 253-256 (2003) 16. Meena R C, Sindal R S, Use of surfactants in photogalvanic cell for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage: Tween-80-Oxalic Acid – Totudine blue system. Int. J. Chem. Sci., 2 (3), 321-330 (2004) 17. Ameta Suresh C, Sadhana Khamesra, Chittoro Anil K, Gangotri K M, Use of sodium lauryl sulphate in a photogalvanic cell for solar Energy Conversion and Storage: - Methylene blue – EDTA System. Int. J. Energy Res., 13, 643-647 (1989) 18. Gongotri K M, MeenaR C,Meena Rajni, Use of micelles in photogalvanic cells for solar energy conversion and storage : Cetyetrimethyl ammonium bromide – KI – toluidine blue system. J. Photochem and photobiol. A: Chem.123, 93-97 (1999) 19. Meena R C,Studies of solar effect of Safranine, Methylene blue and Azur-B with reductants and their photo galvanic effect. J.Indian Chem. Soc., 85, 280-285 (2008)
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References

1. Becquerel E, Studies of the effect of actinic radiation of sunlight by means of electrical currents. C.R. Acad.Sci.Paris., 9,145–159 (1839a)
2. Becquerel E,On electric effects under the influence of solar radiation. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris. , 9,561 (1839b)
3. Alanso V N, Belay M, Chartier P, Ern V, Rev. Phys. Appl.,16, 5 (1981)
4. Jan a A K, Bhowmik B B, Enhancement in power output of solar cells consisting of mixed dyes. J. Photochem.Photobiol, 122A, 53 (1999)
5. Hara K, Kurashige M, Dan-oh Y, Kasada C, Shinpo A, Suga S, Sayama K, Arakawa H, Design of new coumarin dyes having thiophene moieties for highly efficient organic dye- sensitized solar cells. New J. Chem., 27,783–785 (2003)
6. Ameta S C, Ameta R, Seth S, Dubey T D,Studies in the use of toluidine bluenitrilotriacetic acid (TB-NTA) system in photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion. Afinidad. XLV, 264–266 (1998)
7. Ameta S C, Khamesare S, Ameta R,Bala M, Use of micelles in photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion and storage: AzurA-KI system. Int.J. Energy Res, 14,163–167 (1990)
8. Ameta S C, Punjabi P B, Vardia J, Madhwani S, Chaudhary S, Use of Bromophenol Red–EDTA system for generation of electricity in a photogalvanic cell. J. Power Sources. 159,747–751 (2006)
9. Madhwani S, Ameta R, Vardia J, Punjabi P B, Sharma V K, Use of Fluoroscein-EDTA System in Photogalvanic Cell for Solar Energy Conversion. Energy sources, 29,721-729 (2007)
10. Bohrmann-Linde C, Tausch M W, Photogalvanic cells for classroom investigations- A contribution for the ongoing curriculum modernization. J. Chem. Educ., 80, 1471–1473 (2003)
11. Monat J E,McCusker J K, Femtosecond excited-state dynamics of an Iron (II) polypyridyl solar cell sensitizer model. J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 122, 4092–4097 (2000)
12. Schwarzburg K, Willig F, Origin of Photovoltage and Photocurrent in the Nanoporous Dye- Sensitized Electrochemical Solar Cell. J. Phys. Chem., 103B, 5743 (1999)
13. Tennakone K, Kumara GR R A, Dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical and solid-state solar cells: Charge separation, transport and recombination mechanisms. J. Photochem.Photobiol, 117A, 137 (1998)
14. Yadav Sushil, Yadav R D, Singh Gautam, Use of Dyes in Photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion and storage: Bismarck Brown and Ascorbic Acid System. Int. J. Chem. Sci., 6 (4), 1960-1966 (2008)
15. Meena R C, Gautam Singh, Gangotri K M, Role of reductants and photosensitizer in Solar Energy Conversion and Storage: Photogalvanic cells a newer approach. Afinidad, 59 (501), 253-256 (2003)
16. Meena R C, Sindal R S, Use of surfactants in photogalvanic cell for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage: Tween-80-Oxalic Acid – Totudine blue system. Int. J. Chem. Sci., 2 (3), 321-330 (2004)
17. Ameta Suresh C, Sadhana Khamesra, Chittoro Anil K, Gangotri K M, Use of sodium lauryl sulphate in a photogalvanic cell for solar Energy Conversion and Storage: - Methylene blue – EDTA System. Int. J. Energy Res., 13, 643-647 (1989)
18. Gongotri K M, MeenaR C,Meena Rajni, Use of micelles in photogalvanic cells for solar energy conversion and storage : Cetyetrimethyl ammonium bromide – KI – toluidine blue system. J. Photochem and photobiol. A: Chem.123, 93-97 (1999)
19. Meena R C,Studies of solar effect of Safranine, Methylene blue and Azur-B with reductants and their photo galvanic effect. J.Indian Chem. Soc., 85, 280-285 (2008)
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