The maritime state of Odisha along the east coast of India which have 589 marine fishing villages and 3289 inland fishing villages. The experience of the Telugu community with started fishing in Odisha. The non-Oriya people are also dominating marine fishing in the state. This paper mainly aims to focus the socio-economic condition of the fisherman of Gopalpur-on-Sea. Both primary and secondary data are collected through questionnaire by asking certain questions and secondary data were collected from various articles, journals and District Handbook of Odisha, 2011. The study shows that the socio-economic conditions of the fisherman of Gopalpur are not at all good. Regarding the educational status of the boys is comparatively lower with regard to the girls. However, housing conditions of the fisherman are not too bad. In terms of fishing they donâ€™t get help from the Government. Marine fishing in the state has been developed by the migrant people of Telugu community. The basic necessities of the fishing which is deprived from the development of fishing in the State. The basic facilities like cold storage, motorized boat and educational programs should be provided to the fishermen. By implementing these programs they should learn the modern technologies of fishing and develop fishing.
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