India is the second largest sugar producer in the world (after Brazil), accounting for around 10-12% of worldâ€™s sugar production. The Indian Sugar industry started growing in an organized way during the 1930 after introduction of the sugar industry protection act in 1932. Sugar is Indiaâ€™s second largest agro-processing industry. Indiaâ€™s sugarcane cultivation area of 4-4.5 million hectares (ha) accounts for 2.7% of Indiaâ€™s cropped area. Sugar industry accounted for around 1% of GDP of the country during FY2005. Further, sugar industry contributes an estimated Rs. 17 billion annually to national exchequer and treasuries of various state Governments by way of excise duty and purchase tax on Sugarcane. Sugarcane farmers and their families number over 45 million, constituting about 7.5% of the rural population. The sugar industry employs 0.5 million workers and also provides substantial indirect employment through various ancillary activities. Therefore this study taken up here to study the production of sugar in India and Karnataka, growth of sugar industry in India and Karnataka and to study the industry wise sugar production in Karnataka.
Keyword : sugar, sugarcane, production, etc,
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