The term pluralism has been applied to a number of philosophical theories which differ from one another but have one common feature ,i.e., their hostility to the traditional theory of sovereignty. The pluralists do not advocate the abolition of the state as the anarchists do but they deprive it only of its sovereignty. In their scheme, the state continues to be a necessary social institution. Laski pointed out that â€œno sovereign has anywhere possessed unlimited power and the attempt to exert it has always resulted in the establishments of safeguardsâ€. The influence of other associations within the State is no less important than the State itself as a sovereign.
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