Biodiversity an important gift of nature is now under great threat owing to anthropogenic activities. Indians have been worshipping trees since time immemorial and this is done as a matter of gratitude as we know that life cannot exists without trees, hence trees and their products are part of our rituals and ceremonies. A study was carried out to find the importance of plants in religious festivals and in traditional healing system of the people of Telangana region. People of Telangana have a unique culture of worshipping plants in their regional festivals like Bathukamma, Bonalu, Ugadi, Vinayakachavithi etc. It was observed that sacred plants have significant role in rituals as well as in alternative health care system. Ethanobotanical knowledge helps to treat common ailments. The main reason for associating plants with religious rites and beliefs is probably for conservation of rare plants which are under great threat of extinction.
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