Diarrhoea is one of the commonest causes of morbidity among young children in developing countries. A nationwide survey reveals that India has the highest infant mortality rate in the world. Diarrhoea is the second largest cause of childhood mortality in the world. More than 1.5 million children under five continue to die each year as a result of acute diarrhoea in developing countries. This study was under taken to assess knowledge on prevention of diarrhoea among mothers of under five children at immunization centre of SMGS Hospital, Jammu (J&K).The sample consisted of 60 mothers of under five children. Convenient sampling technique was used to select the sample. Socio-demographic profile and Structured knowledge questionnaire was used to collect data from the subjects. The results showed that that maximum i.e. 34 (56.6%) mothers had average knowledge followed by 24 (40)% mothers had good knowledge and only 2 (3.3%) mothers had below average knowledge on prevention of diarrhoea. The association of knowledge on prevention of diarrhoea with socio-demographic variables revealed that there was no significant association between level of knowledge on prevention of diarrhoea with selected socio-demographic variables such as age (in years), education, occupation, number of children, residence and source of information at p<0.005 level of significance.
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