Buddhism, the second largest religion in the state of Sikkim, accounting for more than 28% of the population, has a large number of monasteries about 250 dotted all over the region, the oldest dating back to seventeenth century.
It was observed that the seismic vulnerability of the non-engineered traditional monasteries has been exacerbated number mainly due to their age and the low levels of maintenance. There is a need to formalize an assessment procedure appropriate for the monasteries under investigation. Literatures on this will help in prioritizing and identifying the methods and procedures of seismic risk evaluation.
Disaster risk mitigation studies for cultural heritage structures and precincts internationally can be broadly classified within the domains of i) Traditional Knowledge Driven Approaches to Cultural Heritage Disaster Mitigation, ii) Risk Quantification, iii) Evaluating Different Materials For Seismic Resistant Properties, iv) Analytical Approaches to Vulnerability Analysis, v) Policy Matters in Disaster Mitigation, vi) Community Participatory Approaches to Disaster Mitigationandvii) Disaster Mitigation Strategies and Retrofitting.
In the past fifty tears Sikkim experienced several small to medium earthquakes, which has pointed out that the historical structures mainly the monasteries have become vulnerable and are in jeopardy. The research on disaster risk mitigation with regard to monasteries and their surroundings in Sikkim is scant,still it is not too late to evaluate the earthquake risk vulnerability to monasteries and suggest a way forward.
This Literature study exercise can lead to the preparation of a clear outline in the assessment procedure.
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